Spices. What advantage of a basil?of Basilicas fragrant (Ocimum basilicum) - the annual plant forming the branching bush about 50 cm in height. Leaves are ovoid, smooth-edged or slightly gear, dlinnochereshkovy. In bosoms of leaves false umbrellas of white, pink or purple flowers settle down.
The basil homeland - India. It is cultivated in all countries of Southern Europe, in neighboring countries - in the North Caucasus, in the Crimea, Moldova, Transcaucasia and Central Asia. In a midland perfectly grows in an open ground, and it can be cultivated in room conditions, in flowerpots in the winter.
As the basil sprouts on light, seeds only slightly cover with the earth. Shoots appear (at warm weather) already on 10 - 14 - y day. It is necessary to watch that the basil did not grow with weeds (loosening and regular watering by itself are meant). As the plant is unstable to cold, water for watering has to be room temperature, otstoyanny. For cultivation in the room or on a balcony it is necessary peschano - the clay soil with very small amount of mineral fertilizer (no more thimble on a flowerpot). Protected from wind on a balcony or on a plant window sill perfectly feel.
The leaves and escapes of a basil collected at the beginning of blossoming use in a fresh and dry look. It is interesting that the basil dried has stronger aroma rather fresh, on condition of the correct drying. Dry in a shadow and store in dark hermetically sealed glasswares as the basil dried is sensitive to moisture and light and under the influence of them completely loses aroma.
The dried basil is widely applied in West - European, is southern - European, and especially French and Greek, and also in the Transcaucasian kitchen. Fresh greens go to salads, soups and cold dishes. In other cases apply basil powder more often, and in a pickles and fermentations - dry stalks entirely. For the medical purposes collect the blossoming plants.
From antiquity of basilicas it was appreciated as fresh soup greens and as the spice improving digestion for fat dishes. In dietary kitchen of basilicas helps to reduce salt consumption. It is especially good in combination with rosemary and a sage for boiled or fried fish dishes. All fresh green salads seasoned with a basil, soft cheeses and vegetable soups, shortly before giving on a table strewed with small cut basil leaflets are considered as a delicacy.
The basil is used and when pickling cucumbers, vegetable marrows. The crushed leaves of a basil improve taste of quenelles from a liver, sausages and pork chops. It is used and for a vinegar fragrance (several fresh leaves of a basil are located in a large bottle with vinegar), which gives juicy smack to salads and white sauces. The basil is added to cottage cheese, oil, omelets and crabs salad. In Italian cuisine it is used generally for preparation of dishes from spaghetti and macaroni.
Infusion (tea) from a basil is usually appointed at an abdominal distension and diarrhea. As indications to application serve also lack of appetite, nervous breakdowns and sleeplessness.
Basil oil, perhaps, one of the best means toning nervous system. It lightens mood, clears up consciousness, strengthens and restores nerves, removes exhaustion, alarm, depressions, a headache.
Oil is not less effective and at diseases of respiratory system. Well helps at asthma, bronchitis, Qatar, colds and cough. Under the influence of a basil expressiveness of allergic reactions of the slowed-down type decreases, passability of airways at patients with obstructive bronchitis improves. Rejuvenates cages, being powerful antioxidant.
Essential oil of a basil possesses antibacterial property, has the local anesthetizing effect, weakens smooth muscles of a stomach and uterus. It is applied at spasms of a stomach and intestines, difficulty of digestion, whooping cough, gout, at loss of sense of smell from - for chronic cold, at arthritises as a resolvent, as anesthetic, at otitises, a toothache.
Effectively at it is purulent - the inflammatory diseases of skin infected burns and wounds, defeats with a trichophytia, a microsporia. On the basis of oil of a basil the ointments possessing a wide range of influence are developed: bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, immunostimulating and antiallergenic. Eliminates burning, an itch, puffiness after stings of insects.
Greeks considered as a bad sign if the basil grew on graves. Romans believed that the more the person uses a basilica, the more he will prosper. And on the island of Crete of basilicas symbolized the love washed by tears.