Spices. What advantage of fennel?Fennel fragrant (Anethum graveolens) - the culture cold-resistant, is photophilous and exacting to humidity of the soil, especially at the beginning of development. Fennel is grown up as independent culture and as the sealant in the discovered and protected soil, is sowed during the whole summer.
The fennel homeland - Southern Europe, Egypt, Asia Minor. In the Western and Northern Europe it is known since the 16th century. In Russia it is everywhere widespread as a cultural garden plant.
Leaves of fennel contain vitamins C, B1, B2, PP, P, carotene, folic acid, salts of iron, potassium, calcium, phosphorus. All parts of a plant contain essential oil. Also other substances are found in oil of fennel karvon, fellandren, diallopiol, terpinen. Fennel is rich with fat oil which basis is made by glycerides of palmitic, olein and linoleic acids.
In food use generally fresh leaves for salads and sauces. When drying they considerably lose the aroma. For pickling, saltings of cucumbers and other vegetables first of all use the semi-ripened umbrellas together with the top parts of stalks which keep the aroma and after drying.
Dried fennel can be used in the increased doses at suppression and frying of fish, especially sprats (a so-called sprat on - Finnish). For this purpose it is necessary to pour densely fish the fennel mixed with black pepper, parsley and onions so that she was closed by fennel and would lie on a laying from greens. Thus it is possible to fry sea fish - she becomes much more gentle.
In the winter along with dried fennel it is possible to use also fennel seeds which very well remain. They can be entered when baking flat cakes and donuts, into soups, marinades, to add to fish soup, to boiled and stewed fish.
In traditional medicine the grass is used as a diuretic at pyelonephritises and a pochechnokamenny illness, used as sudorific and expectorant cure for catarrhal diseases. Powder of fruits or broths of a grass are shown at gastritises with the lowered acidity, diseases of a liver and zhelchevyvodyashchikh ways.
Fresh greens of fennel give good effect at disorders of digestion. Fruits apply to strengthening of secretion of milk at the feeding women, at sleeplessness and inflammatory diseases of the top airways.
Infusion of stalks of a plant is used at a hypertensive illness of the first and second stage and it is warm - vascular insufficiency. In children`s practice broth of fruits is appointed at a meteorizm and belly-aches.
Outwardly fennel is applied in the form of lotions at pustulous damages of skin and eye inflammatory diseases - conjunctivitis, Irit and an iridotsiklita. For infusion preparation 3 tablespoons of the crushed grass fill in with 1 glass of hot water, boil in the closed enameled ware on a water bath of 15 min., cool 45 min., filter through two - three layers of a gauze and bring volume boiled water to initial. Accept on 1/3 glass 3 times a day to food.
In cosmetology fennel is applied as a resolvent. For the reddened, tired eyes: 5 - 8 grams of a grass of fennel fill in with boiled water, insist several minutes. In the cooled-down infusion namachivat wadded tampons or pieces of a gauze and do of them lotions on eyes. On the reddened eyelids of the closed eyes impose the gauze napkins filled with fennel fruits (previously sacks with fruits lower in hot water). Lie with sacks in the eyes in the weakened condition of 15 min. At hypostases and redness the century of an eye is washed out or do lotions of fennel fruits (1 teaspoon of fruits of fennel on 1/2 glass of water).
To the place of a sting of bees and mosquitoes impose gruel from fennel leaves. Calms the angry, inflamed and withering skin and eels the mask for which mix in equal quantities fruits of fennel and an inflorescence of a camomile pharmaceutical cures. The tablespoon of mix is filled in with 2 glasses of water, boiled 5 - 10 min. In hot broth moisten a multilayered mask from a gauze, put it on a face for 30 - 40 min., having left a nose and lips open.
Helps faded face skin, the mask from the greens of parsley and fennel taken equally clarifies freckles and pigmentary spots. 1 tablespoon of mix is filled in with 2 glasses of boiled water, insisted in the closed ware of 2 h, filtered. The gauze or a linen napkin are moistened in infusion, imposed on skin.
Even in a dream fennel brings joy. For family people to dream as fennel grows, predicts wellbeing of their children. If in a dream you eat fennel, then you will live long happy life.