Why Olga Berggolts was named by Madonna of besieged Leningrad?on May 16, 1910 in St. Petersburg in a family of the Russified German doctor Friedrich (Fedor) Berggolz the daughter whom called by the beautiful Russian name - Olga was born. Parents wanted that their daughter went in the footsteps of the father - was learned on the doctor. But revolutionary storms introduced the amendments. On the Nevsky outpost where lived Berggoltsa, constantly something occurred - rest only dreamed inhabitants of this suburb of the capital.
Right after a revolution victory it was necessary to a family hardly. It it was possible to dream of institution for young ladies earlier, Olga went to usual labor school. But already then at teenage age her ability to notice trifles of which then there is something bigger and desire to express the thoughts in a poetic form was shown.
Olga it was hardly executed fifteen when she came to literary association of young workers “ Change “. It was just the feast for poets, in working club where young people gathered, such outstanding poets as Vladimir Mayakovsky, Eduard Bagritsky, Iosif Utkin often looked. To study at such masters that is called alive, was not just good school. Poets helped youth to open for themselves that world which is often hidden from uninteresting eyes.
In “ To Change “ Olga got acquainted with Boris Kornilov who was more senior than her for three years. Boris, the son of the rural teacher from the Nizhny Novgorod remote place, arrived to Leningrad at the end of same, 1925, with hope to show the verses to Sergey Yesenin. Was not in time. But about its poetry, juicy and bright, started talking. In a year it is considered the most perspective talent of literary association.
Of course, young Olga fell in love with Boris. And he who first was not really paying attention to this fragile (almost shining from leanness) the little girl, eventually, got gradually used to her, and then and reciprocated on her pure feeling. They together went to study for the high courses at Institute of history of arts, and then from it, Boris, a favoring, Olga arrived on philological faculty of the Leningrad university.
Their family life lasted long not, though remained in the daughter Irina. Boris a little “ it zazvezditsya “ also declared to the spouse that they “ did not get on together “. In 1930 after the termination of institute Olga on distribution goes to Kazakhstan where she works as the correspondent of the " newspaper; Soviet steppe “. At the same time she writes the first book which is called “ Remote place “. It leaves in 1932. Already then Olga was married to Nikolay Molchanov with whom she together studied at university. And Boris, after writing of a song which begins with the words “ Morning meets Us by a cool “ becomes extraordinary popular and slowly becomes an inveterate drunkard.
Having fulfilled two years, Olga comes back to Leningrad, settles to work for " plant; Electric power “ editor of the multiproduction newspaper. Their union with Nikolay Molchanov gives rise to so much inspiration at Olga that she steeps in creativity.
But the black cloud already saddens their future. After murder of Kirov in Leningrad it is very restless, cleanings go one by one. And Boris Kornilov becomes one of targets - especially after he “ incorrectly “ stated a policy of the party in poetic reflection “ Last day of Kirov “. He is arrested, and after a while black funnels takes away in a chamber and Olga. Officially, on a false denunciation. Most likely from - for old communications with Boris. And it despite two circumstances: in - the first, they long ago divorced, and in - the second, it is on the fifth month of pregnancy.
And further - interrogations, continuous beatings, an acute pain because that purposely beat with legs a stomach to kill the child. And animals in a human appearance try to obtain the - the child is not born.
Where to find forces to endure all this? And even release in July, 1939, did not add bright paints: “ Oh, terrible evening of return, / when, burned completely, / my soul did not accept the world, release “. These lines of Olga Berggolts from far 1939, we learned much later, several decades later …
But life there is life. Olga found forces not to become the hermit, not to be engaged in excessive self-criticism. And very big role in it was played by Nikolay Molchanov who, according to Olga, “ the love unknown doomed me to life and courage... “ But also this happiness was very short - war …
They were at war almost nearby. It - in the chilled entrenchments, it - in radio studio where with the verses almost daily addressed heroic defenders of Leningrad. It “ February diary “ was much stronger than fascist shells, a bony hand of hunger, irrevocability of losses. It was the eternal flame of hope, courage, desire to live to all death to spite. Also there is the higher justice that Olga Berggolts found those penetrating lines which will endure it in centuries. These six words are known by each person respecting himself.
“ Nobody is forgotten, nothing is forgotten “ …
There are no words to describe what Olga Berggolts made for the besieged Leningrad. It was called tenderly and “ Muse “ and “ Madonna of blockade “ but the most expensive gift were for it the simple national phrase: “ Our Olya “ … Ah, as she was able to find warm words, without philosophizing crafty - “ What can the enemy? To destroy and kill. And only - that. And I can love... “.
Today when the beginning poets ask about how it is necessary to write lines which can awake the best feelings, me this line always comes back to memory. And I speak: “ It is not necessary “ to navorachivat “ in the work the lines clear only to you. Do not overload poetry “ floridity “ and such turns which emphasize not yours “ learning “ and it is rather a lack of taste. Write simply: “ What can the enemy? To destroy and kill. And only - that. And I can love... “
There is no need to leaf through all pages of very difficult life of this surprising woman. Take its poems and they will open for you absolutely other world. We often complain of life - we lack something eternally - money, time, the human relation. We just forgot to appreciate what we have … And let Olga Berggolts`s verses for someone will seem too bitter medicine, but they are necessary. They clear soul.
Olga Fiodorovna Berggolts, fortunately, saw the most expensive to herself the book “ Voice of Leningrad “ which left to 30 - to the anniversary of the Great Victory. And on November 13, 1975 the great poet of human grief did not become. The street in Nevsky district of St. Petersburg is called by the name of Olga Berggolts. On Rubenstein Street, 7 where she lived, the memorial board is open. One more bronze bas-relief of her memory is established at an entrance to the radio House.
If you happen to visit Leningrad on the Volkovy cemetery, surely find for a so-called Literatorsky planked footway where it is buried “ Madonna of blockade “. Flowers on its grave appear at all seasons of the year. Leningrad residents and later after her death do not forget three decades “ the Olya “ …