What do we know about vaseline?If to consult a dictionary, then we will see dry definition: vaseline - light-yellow or colourless zhiropodobny substance, mix of heavy hydrocarbons (paraffin, ceresin, a petrolatum etc.) . Receive fusion of hydrocarbons in oil with the subsequent purification of mix with sulfuric acid and the bleaching clay.
Discovery of vaseline was helped by oil industry workers. Everything began with the fact that the Brooklyn chemist Robert Augustus Chezbro decided to go to Pennsylvania to be engaged in oil business. There he paid attention to the pastelike substance similar to paraffin which constantly stuck to boring pipes and hammered pumps. Its surprising wound healing ability was the only plus of mysterious substance without name at that time.
Chezbro returned to Brooklyn with samples of this substance for further researches. During experiments it managed to emit the main active ingredient from substance. And the chemist made all these experiments on himself: he applied a huge number of small and large cuts and burns on own skin, watched their healing. “ Oil " jelly; just worked wonders.
In 1878. Chezbro the first in the history of the beginnings production of vaseline also patented this name derivative from two words: German “ wasser “ - water and Greek “ elaion “ - oil. Vaseline very quickly gained huge popularity and even became almost irreplaceable since it was used in the most unexpected spheres of life.
It was applied at inflammations, grazes and burns. Mascaras vaseline was the main component of the first lipsticks and. Long time it was the most well-tried moistening remedy. Fishermen applied vaseline on hooks for attraction of fish. Actresses drew vaseline tears that from the hall looked very naturally.
Knowing that vaseline does not freeze, the Arctic researcher Robert Peary took it with himself to the North Pole to prevent emergence of cracks on skin and rusts on the equipment. As even in humid, hot tropical climate vaseline does not turn rancid, aboriginals of the valley of Amazon applied it when cooking, smeared on bread and even used for an exchange as money.
Housewives of New England used vaseline for polishing and clarification of wooden furniture from spots. As it became clear, it gave the second life to old products from the dried-up skin. Farmers processed to them metal stock that that did not rust. Artists applied a thick layer of vaseline on a floor that it was less soiled with paint.
Vaseline wonderfully developed the imagination. Girls from teams of support of the American soccer applied vaseline on teeth that mimic face muscles not so were tired of a constant smile. Swimmers on long ranges smeared with vaseline a body, skiers put on a face, and baseball players - on gloves to soften tenacious skin.
Today vaseline is not so popular, but is still applied in medicine and cosmetology, and also as antifrictional greasings (to mechanisms of artillery systems, simplification of descent of the ships to water) as a softener of rubbers, for filling and impregnation of condensers. Let out also veterinary vaseline.
By the way, and the composition of chewing gum in 50 - e included years vaseline. Still it is unclear, as the mankind got rid of vaseline dependence.