Rus Articles Journal

How to behave in the temple, or Religious etiquette (Part 2) of

we Continue to comprehend all cunnings of behavior in temples of various religion. In last release the Christianity in detail was considered. Today we will talk about Judaic and Muslim religious devices.

the Synagogue

the Center of religious and public life of a Judaic community is a synagogue.

in Judaism coexist Now various currents - from ultraorthodox to ultraliberal. Respectively, sinagogalny church services in various Jewish communities can differ considerably among themselves. Ancient traditions most remained in Orthodox Judaism.

Church services in orthodox synagogues are usually carried out three times a day, festive and Saturday days additional prayers are said. That church service took place, presence of at least ten men is necessary 13 years which make minyan (quorum) are more senior.

of the Place for women in a synagogue or separate from places for men a partition, or women take places on gallery.

Men are forbidden to be in a bare-headed synagogue therefore during a morning prayer they put on the special prayful cover (talit) representing a quadrangular piece of woolen matter with four brushes on corners (tsitsit). On weekdays during a morning prayer of the man put on tfilin - leather boxes with the parchment pieces enclosed in them with Scripture fragments. By means of long thongs these boxes become attached to a forehead and the left hand of praying. Prayers are said standing or sitting.

At an entrance to a synagogue and reading some prayers it is accepted to bow. Prayers are said in Hebrew, and a number of prayers - on an aramita (Aramaic), language of daily communication of ancient Jews.

the order of church service Developed within centuries provides pronouncing certain prayers which sequence corresponds to this or that day of a religious calendar. Any adult man - the Jew can direct church service.

In many communities belonging to other directions of Judaism - conservative, reformist, liberal, - sinagogalny traditions can differ considerably. So, in reformist communities of the man and woman sit together. Men can not put on talit and tfilin though quite often carry a special hat (pile) on the head. The sinagogalny chorus in reformist and many conservative synagogues includes women.

In many countries the part of church service can be conducted in language of this country, and a ratio of quantity of prayers in Hebrew and prayers in other language variously in different communities. Also the players of prayers in church services of various communities are changed.

Unlike other religions where there are certain rules of etiquette in communication with priests of a different rank, in Judaism in general is not present such rules.

the Mosque

the Mosque - the prayful building at Muslims. It is not the holy site, the temple in the true sense of the word. An exception only Masdzhid makes al - haram - Forbidden mosque which is in Mecca. In the center Masdzhid of al - haram there is a Kaaba - the main shrine of Muslims.

In the mosque will be organized various holidays, not necessarily religious, performances of Islamic figures, competitions of readers of the Koran etc. Besides, in the mosque always are held the visitor can spend the night.

Five times a day, in strictly certain time, from a minaret are distributed azan - an appeal on a prayer. It is proclaimed by the muezzin. In the mosque the direction of a prayer defines mikhrab - the special niche in a wall turned towards Mecca. To the right of a mikhrab in the cathedral mosque there is a minbar - a tribune for the preacher.

Women usually pray on the second floor or in the fenced-off part of the first floor. The entrance to the mosque for men and women happens as the general, and separate. Though the mosque is also not the holy site, certain rules which extend to any who came to the mosque, irrespective of religion celebrate.

Appearance of the visitor of the mosque should not offend a look of believers: it is necessary to put on the pure, modest and rather closed clothes. At women the clothes have to close all body, except for a face, hands and a foot of legs, its color should not be provocatively bright, and a silhouette - fitting. Women should hide hair completely under a scarf.

A floor in the mosque is carpeted, the footwear is left at an entrance. In big mosques special employees accept footwear and give a counter. Visitors of the mosque behave very relaxedly: they sit or lie on a floor, eat, sleep, communicate among themselves. But at the same time at any time someone can make a Mohammedan prayer, i.e. pray. Believers read the Koran or just concentrate on thought of God. Therefore it is not necessary to raise the voice, to laugh, quarrel etc.

When there comes Mohammedan prayer time, believers make ablution (voodoo) and are built ranks for the imam - the head on a prayer. Those who for any reasons do not take part in a collective prayer are not obliged to leave the mosque.

As in Islam does not exist institute of priesthood, the address to ecclesiastics is defined by the concrete practice which developed in this region. The most universal is the address pollacks (on - it is Arab mister ), and also hajjs that is the made hajj. But these addresses are not an exclusive prerogative of ecclesiastics.