How the fir-tree subdued Russia?the Fashion on Christmas trees came to Russia at the very end of the 17th century. But, strange business, in Russia, a fir-tree was accepted as a Christmas decoration, merry Christmas not connected at once.
The beginning of year was postponed by the Petrovsky decree of December 20, 1699 to January. The same decree ruled to decorate in the first day of new year houses and streets, “ in front of gate to put some jewelry, from trees and branches pine, fir-tree and juniper “. From “ people poor “ simple inhabitants, a special delicacy on the approved sample were not required, was to establish to them enough on gate one tree, or at least a branch.
“ To the Small fir-tree cold in the winter “. Not otherwise, as because of compassionateness of the Russian people coniferous scenery of snow-covered streets in Russia did not get accustomed. But owners of pubs sacredly carried out imperial command. On coniferous trees on a roof, in windows and at gate suffering Russians throughout two centuries from a distance identified taverns. Green jewelry did not clean all the year round, updating on the eve of New Year`s holidays.
Perhaps, well-known “ fir-trees - sticks “ appeared in our lexicon exactly in those days. In any case, set expression “ to be under a fir-tree “ those years had no relation to forest or New Year`s subject, and meant pastime in a tavern. Fans to drink in the people called elkiny.
That a fir-tree - the tree Christmas, in Russia was remembered only in 1817. The newly made Russian princess Aleksandra Fiodorovna, the young spouse of the grand duke Nikolay Pavlovich was the culprit of an event. To make to the nee princess Charlotte Prusskaya pleasant, the interior of the Winter Palace in Christmas Eve was decorated with bunches of fir-tree branches as it was accepted at her in the homeland, and then even brought a huge fir-tree to the palace.
Reviving almost forgotten traditions, at the beginning of the 19th century Christmas fir-trees appeared in houses of the St. Petersburg Germans from where quickly extended on dwellings of other Russians. Together with a fir-tree to the Russian people came also to arrange custom for Christmas a children`s holiday. “ We adopted at kind Germans a children`s holiday on the eve of Christmas holiday: Weihnachtsbaum “ - the " newspaper wrote in 1841; Northern bee “.
The cheerful children`s celebration pleased all. Now, speaking about intentions “ to arrange a fir-tree “ nobody thought of visit of pub. “ Fir-tree “ replaced the German word difficult to pronounce, and “ fir-tree “ expressions gradually lost alcoholic sense.
Began to decorate fir-trees in Russia in the second half of the 19th century. Toys, mostly, were used self-made, occasionally - brought from Europe. Very few people were able to afford to buy a glass Christmas-tree decoration at that time.
The first Russian glass Christmas tree decorations began to do at the glass plant of the prince Alexander Sergeyevich Menshikov opened for them in a manor near Klin in 1849. More precisely, princely glass blowers, along with bottles and lamps, made a glass beads. Here them is that and guessed to hang up on a fir-tree.
The Soviet power first took a dislike to a fir-tree. But in 1936 the children`s holiday was rehabilitated, in the Columned hall of the House of the Unions around a fir-tree the first round dance of the Soviet kids began to spin.
Since then in Russia more nobody attempts upon indispensable attribute of a New Year`s holiday. With coming!