What are known to us easter ceremonies?Easter are called the Holiday of holidays, the Celebration of celebrations; not without reason therefore our ancestors arranged this holiday with special beliefs and customs which also still live in life national. In the Russian people from olden days the first day of Easter is called Light Sunday, Velikodnem, and all Bright Week is known under the name of Sacred, Velikodensky, Joyful.
The hristosovaniye ceremony, as we know, is transferred to us from Greece. As for the value of this ceremony, there is no doubt that it, according to Christian church, serves as expression of the general pleasure and general forgiveness which is granted to us by Christ Redeemer`s revival. Therefore - that our ancestors for a holiday of Easter hristosovatsya not only with live, but also with the dead.
This custom in old times was especially observed by pious old men and old women who for Easter went to cemeteries, on this God`s field, and hristosovatsya with the dead men, accompanying ordinary this ceremony with crying, groans and different lamentations. Not less also other pious usage consecrated by the Church, the use for Easter of red eggs is respected in our people.
About the beginning of usage to use for Easter red eggs in Greece the whole legend in which vinovnitseyu this custom St. Mary Magdalene is represented remained.
the Legend it says that after Christ Redeemer`s rise on the sky St. Mary Magdalene, having come to Rome for evangelizing, appeared before the emperor Tivery and, having brought it red egg, told: “ Christ revive! “ - and thus began the sermon.
The taking priority Christians, having recognized by hearing about this ingenuous gift St. Magdalene, began to imitate it and at reminiscence of Resurrection to give each other eggs. This usage became general subsequently. The legend it is confirmed by an upominayema the scientific Greek Konstantin Ekonom in his composition on this subject the manuscript of the X century which is stored in the monastery the St. Afanasy who is near Thessaloniki and in which it is told that the usage it exists of apostolic times and received the beginning from St. Mary Magdalene.
Addressing times of Old Russian life, it is necessary to notice about some customs connecting since ancient times to the use of voskresensky egg. It is known that on easter matins our tsars before hristosovatsya, were put to icons and hristosovatsya with clergy and boyars, and more relatives from them favored to a hand, distributing eggs goose, duck, chicken, also wooden, painted on gold with bright paints in patterns or color herbs. In old times in Russia bakers, icon painters, travshchik of Armory and monks to the Trinity - Sergiyevy Monastery were engaged in preparation of such eggs for Easter holiday.
As for the simple people, at a hristosovaniye it used eggs and as a symbol of all vital and blossoming in the nature. So, for Easter holiday our peasants put on a table a tub with wheat grains, burying in it voskresensky egg, and protected these grains for crops; going to sow flax, baged, filled with seeds, eggs and at crops of these seeds scattered an egg shell across the field, sentencing: “ Childbirth, My God, bila hemp, yak " egg;.
Also was at some owners custom to iron voskresensky egg a livestock, especially horses, as a sign of desire that they were smooth as egg.
In ancient Christian church, as we know, the holiday of Light Resurrection was devoted mainly to charity affairs. Like that at us for Easter the Russian sovereigns visited torture chambers, hospitals, almshouses, captured foreigners and kolodnik and, welcoming them: “ Christ revive! “ allocated with clothes, money, food. In general our tsars and queens devoted all Bright Week bogomolyyu on near and far monasteries and generous almsgiving poor and crippled.
At us, on primordial custom, priests and clergymen went to Easter holiday in the cities and villages on houses with sacred icons, with singing of festive verses and in general with prayful blessings. It is known under the name of Christ`s slavleniye. At the same time in many places of Velikorossiya it was accepted to go for custom accompanied by priests with icons and banners to the fields sowed by winter crops. During it bogomolya many observed strict moderation in food and a pitiya, and others almost and fasted, without using in all continuation of carrying icons of meat, at the same time owners asked in the prayers Revived and It will revive and everything seeded in the field.
In the western and the southern Russia during round with a prayer of houses priests blessed still tables with any viands which ordinary prepared for Easter in a large number and a variety. It is remarkable at the same time that, looking at easter viands as on the things consecrated with a church prayer, our commonalty with special awe belonged to the remains of a Sunday meal. So, for example, the egg shell was not thrown out, but crushed and poured it on a kitchen garden or an arable land with the purpose to protect them from a hail and a crop failure.
For a long time it is necessary to spread it all over our church through all continuation of a holiday of Easter. Usage it is especially strong in Great and the Southern Russia where always at this time there are very many hunters to call on belltowers. The whole-day ring marks in this case a spiritual celebration and warm pleasure of believers about a victory over enemies of our rescue.
At last, there is in our people a steady idea of an igraniye in Light Revival of the sun as if sharing pleasure of a great holiday with Christians; therefore many of commoners our, very interested in this phenomenon, early for a holiday of Easter climb up belltowers, roofs, hillocks to watch a sun igraniye.