Rus Articles Journal

For what " magazine; Crocodile criticized dandies or As become words?

Define word meanings and you will relieve light of a half of his delusions.

(A.S. Pushkin)


Main workman words - the people. Of course, it is not necessary to think that all people at one stroke prevailed and called the dwelling the word the house Naturally, someone was the first naimenovatel this concept. Then the word repeated, grew roots, was not fixed among people yet by it what it reached us. There were also words, as water, fire, the earth, the sun .

There are many opportunities of enrichment of a lexicon. The most widespread way of word formation is creation of new words on the basis of old - by means of accession to a word basis - a suffix, a prefix (prefix), or a suffix and a prefix at the same time.

Interesting way passed word dandy . Russian acquired the French word style long ago (goes back to Ancient Greek stilos - a stick for the letter ) in " value; syllable, manner, taste etc. Then Russian formed the word stylish - sustained in a certain " style;.

Subsequently in use new education style + - a yaga - the dandy appeared. Having arisen in language in 40 - e years of last century, the word had approving coloring. At the same time there are also other words, relatives of this word - stilyat, to stilnut, stilyazhit .

Then the time of reconsideration of the word the dandy came. Nominal then journalists and writers gave battle to people stilyazhny sense. The first went to fight Crocodile . So, the satirist of this magazine D. Belyaev wrote: the main thing in " style; dandies - not to be similar to ordinary people. They are ridiculous and absurd . Opponents of dandies beat them from all directions. The satire turned it word for word - a brand, having enclosed in it condemnation.

By the way, today almost nobody uses this word. However at dandies appeared " over time; successors . It - beatniks hippie punks etc.

To put it briefly, suffixes are Jacks of all trades. The suffix - ag is already mentioned (and) (a molodchaga, the hard worker), remember - - ul (I) (the neatnik, the dirty creature), - ush (and) (the dawdler, the darling), - un (the talker, the runner, a boulder, a splitting axe). And this list still can be continued. Some suffixes are more active, others - less.

Prefixes (prefixes) are not so all-powerful as suffixes. As a rule, they do not influence a being of concept, giving to the word only new shades (to come running, escape, run off etc.)

The bessuffiksny way of word formation is less widespread in Russian. So, having rejected a suffix from the word, we receive absolutely new words. At A.S. Pushkin in his work Eugene Onegin there are words crack, molv, a top which critics did not accept. But readers apprehended words with delight.

In Russian there are a lot of nouns formed from bases of adjectives. Once they caused bewilderment in people, and today these words for us sound quite naturally. Among them - a distance, a height, calm, a smooth surface etc. Thanks to the poet A. Kruchenykh we entered the word " into the use; boffinry , and to I. Severyanin - untalented person .

Also such form of word formation as a composition for certain interested all who are engaged in studying of Russian. This way of word formation is inherent also in other languages. Especially it is characteristic of German, Germans love to string one word on another.

Sometimes it is very difficult to utter such phrase. In Russian it is possible to put words by means of public - about - and - e - (the seafarer, zmeel) , it is possible to do without connecting public (the daredevil, Novgorod) , with a hyphen and without it (beef Stroganoff, the steward, but fight - the woman, ex-the champion) .

It is impossible to bypass examples of unions of such words as now and today . Using them, you, maybe, do not reflect that they were formed of this + hour, this + day . Words arose long ago. One part (first) of these words became outdated, but it strongly grew together with the second part. It was simple to distinguish components of these words.

The word consists now of the union of two words - a demonstrative pronoun of a neutral gender that and an adjective pjrvo , the first - mattering before, at first . As a result it turned out - topjrvo which changed in present now .

Days

it is difficult for i to carry the word , at first sight, to words with clear etymology. And meanwhile this word has transparent motivation. You judge. Let`s separate the word of sou + - shopping mall + - and . By sou it is formed from prefixes with, with , but today the prefix of sou in this word is not allocated any more. Shopping mall - its ancient root - tjk (for example, - to stick the word). And - plural indicator. So, days Russian created the word for designation of the unit of time formed by merge of day and night.

If the word-formation force of language of Greeks and language of Romans is put into prefiksation opportunities (addition of prefixes), English - in translation of words from one part of speech in another, German - into osnovoslozheniya, then flexibility of Russian is caused by incalculable combinational opportunities of creation of words by means of suffixes and prefixes.

It gives to our language, according to the writer and publicist N. Chernyshevsky, resolute superiority over other European languages, both on wealth, and on a variety of a slovoproizvodstvo .

Source: E. Vartanyan. Travel to the word.