How tennis arose? If not to take into account game of ancient Greeks and Romans in whom a ball was returned a hand or a wooden stick, then the first mentions of the game similar to tennis we will findin the XII-XIII centuries in Italy. Game was called “ dzhidoko “ and a ball in it was returned put on a hand by a mitten, a wooden guard or a leather belt. In the 14th century the French nobility was fond already so-called “ game by a palm “ (“ py “) which exerted a great influence on development of modern tennis. In it played in halls and on platforms under the open sky. Over time a ball began to be returned rackets. Game gained recognition and at the British who gave it the name “ real tennis “ (real tennis).
Leather balls which played in those days were filled by sawdust, rags, a grass, etc. They could jump aside only from a firm surface. With the advent of rubber balls game on a grass became possible. In England in 1874 thanks to the major U. Uingfild there was so-called Loen - tennis (tennis on a grass). Laun - tennis, and today just tennis, quickly extended across all Europe and other continents. In it play millions of people of the most different age.
The number of so-called open tournaments grows every year, and today both professionals, and the fans possessing necessary qualification can participate in any of them. Annually the best players by results of games are estimated within “ Gran - at “ (a number of the tournaments organized by the International federation of tennis), and also on ATP scale (Association of tennis players - professionals).
In the Czech Republic on a grass began to play tennis very much early - already in the second half 70 - x years of the last century (the first tournament was held here in 1885). But at that time tennis was available only to the nobility and subsequently, up to World War II, propertied segments of the population were engaged in it.
Eventually changed concept of game in tennis and technology of performance of blows. The first Loen - tennis players played only from the back line, giving to a ball mainly the lower rotation or combining the lower turning about lateral. So played up to the beginning of World War I. In 20 - e years began to play the game on all court. Players moved ahead to a grid as soon as possible and tried to finish draw of a ball with blow since summer or we make laugh, generally flat. The famous American U. Tilden was the typical representative of such game.
30 - x years value of game at a grid increased in the second half. Here the greatest success was achieved by Americans D. Budge and R. Riggs. At once after giving or its reception they left to a grid and tried to strike victorious blow over the head or since summer.
Now game both on all court, and has success in a grid. On earth courts game on all court, on grass and smooth artificial coverings - at a grid is most optimum.
In 70 - x years some tennis players of a world class began to achieve success, carrying out blows from the back line, mainly with the top and very strong turning.
They at the same time were guided by the long exchange of balls which is coming to an end more likely with a mistake of the rival or a direct passing shot, than an exit to a grid. There will be this style of game predominating or other ways accepted nowadays will be more successful, will show time.