What do we know about Liverpool and as solyanka on - Liverpool prepared?this year to this well-known English city are 800 years. Birthday will be celebrated in August. However, anniversary moods reign here from the very beginning of a year. In total - eight centuries - not a joke! There are, of course, cities and with more respectable age. For example, Damascus, Rome or Yerevan, in comparison with which Liverpool - so far the teenager. But nevertheless and it has the worthy history.
The city was founded in 1207 under the decree of the king Ioann Bezzemelny. However, some historians claim that the settlement was here earlier. Also it was called Liverpul (Liuerpul) that meant “ muddy reservoir “. One more etymological option - elverpool, that is “ a reservoir with eels “. In any case, it is considered that else in 432 - the m before departure to Ireland in Liverpool stopped to year Saint Patrick. And in August, 1207. the king Ioann signed the charter ordering creation in this place of the new settlement (borough) and inviting settlers to be proved there.
Having started the small fishing settlement in the mouth of the river of Mercy, at her confluence with the Irish Sea, Liverpool gradually expanded and became the second - after London - the city of the British Empire. The monarch was interested in laying of the settlement exactly here because from here, with North - east coast, it was most convenient to sail to Ireland. Not least - to dispatch troops there. For this purpose Ioann began to build the lock here; finally construction came to the end only in 1237, in many years after his death. (On a destiny whim, nowadays there passes Zamkovaya street - Castle Street). The lock staid more than four hundred years, partially suffered during civil war in the middle of the 17th century, and then it was born in general and constructed Saint George`s cathedral on this place. In 1902. near a cathedral erected a monument to the Queen Victoria.
The industrial revolution developed in Great Britain in the 17th century left the mark and on Liverpool. After construction of the England`s first open port dock in 1715 the city turned in “ main gate “ empires. Taking into account development of the American colonies, the port on the western coast became an important transit point for emigrants and slave traders. So, in the 18th century the city controlled about 80% British and more than 40% of a world slave trade: from here about 10 million slaves were transported to America, according to some information. To the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand from Liverpool more than 9 million people sailed.
By the end of the 19th century population of Liverpool reached already 600 thousand people. Especially in high gear the population began to grow when in 1840 - e tens of thousands of Irish began to be flown down here: they escaped from fallen upon their edge “ Great hunger “. Here traded on - large - sugar, cotton, slaves and when here insurance companies - and insurance policies began to open. Here people not only from all Great Britain, but also from the continent were flown down. The city began to dominate in trade with the New World.
However, in the 20th century development clogged. What inevitably affected also population. So, on census of 1931 (on the eve of the Great depression), more than 855 thousand lived here. According to census of 1961 - already 610 thousand, and according to census of 2001 - at all 440 thousand. Big costs were involved on restoration of heavy losses which put the German bombardments during World War II. Probably, those years was born “ lobskauz “. It was thought up by local port workers who, unlike the trading and playing music gentlemen, lived difficult and ate badly. In their menu the above-named soup prevailed - in a pan mixed and cooked everything, whatever is in the house … Motley some kind of crew on - Liverpool turned out. From there was also a nickname of residents of Liverpool - “ skauzer “. The same name was reprimanded also liverpulets: far from a classical pronunciation, very much he reminds such solyanka. To take at least “ cranberry " sauce; (Cranberry sauce) as first uttered the phrase “ strawberry glades “ (Strawberry fields), the given name to the song of the same name, one of the best-known liverpulets - the leader “ The Beatles “ John Lennon.
Solyankas for solyankas, and and art the city on Mercy is nice. Among such sights the Liverpool philharmonic society, a concert hall of George`s Hall are allocated, in particular, (which the Queen Victoria highly appreciated). Noting this year the 120 - the anniversary the biggest in Britain the provincial art gallery The Walker Art Gallery opened on money of the brewer sir Andrew Walker. The biggest in Great Britain and in the world a cathedral of Anglican church - “ Liverpool Cathedral “. And there is a lot more what.
The contribution of Liverpool to development of youth culture is invaluable. Here the well-known musical " style was born; Thanks sound “. Not incidentally the city carries the title “ the world capital of bottoms - music “: since 1953 more than fifty songs created here rose to the first places in a hit - parades. This fact is recorded in the Guinness Book of Records. Not to mention the four which moved heaven and earth - John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr. Here where grace for pilgrims - beatlemaniacs! Here everything literally breathes “ Beatles “ spirit - from " club; Cavities “ and Penny Lane to the museum “ History of Beatles “. If it happens to get to those regions - I will get stuck there for a long time... However, there is in my asset a visit Central - park in New - York where in December, 1980 - go Lennon, and also " club was fatally wounded; The Beatles “ in Tbilisi. The Beatles Story. Visit of this museum is obligatory for each beatlemaniac. However without evident familiarizing with sources - somehow not that everything-.
Generally Liverpool today in the world whole seven: besides British, the same name is carried by three cities in the United States and on one - in Australia, Canada and Costa - Ric. With one of them, Australian (State of New South Wales) “ real “ Liverpool is a sworn brother. The same communications are supported with the German Cologne, the capital of Ireland - Dublin, the Dutch Rotterdam, the Chinese Shanghai, the Ukrainian Odessa and the Nicaraguan Korinto.
Liverpool and the fact that in 1911 - 1912 there lived Hitler here is known. But not of what you thought, and his half brother, Alois Hitler - younger. Here he gave birth to the son William Patrick. Say that those years Adolf visited the relative Liverpool and more than once looked in a pub “ Post House “ to Cumberland - the street. But it is, probably, all - rumors. And you as think?