How to grow up super - fruitful wild strawberry from seeds? Professional advice, part IIIDuring the whole sowing season at gardeners and gardeners arise the narrowly targeted questions demanding simple and laconic answers.
answers the most often arriving questions the corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, the founder and the President of " Agricultural firm; SEDEK “ Sergey Dubinin.
Why cannot grow up wild strawberry from seeds?
Cultivation of wild strawberry from seeds is the best way to receive rather healthy, beautiful bushes with very tasty berries as in this case cultivation is carried out by you personally from the very first stage. And it is very difficult to buy high-quality landing material of wild strawberry now, sellers can offer goods which are not suitable for reproduction.
Sometimes summer residents really complain that at them it is impossible to grow up wild strawberry from seeds. They complain about poor quality of seeds though a problem in another. It is necessary just to know some features.
The most favorable period for seeding of seeds - the beginning of May - the end of June. In this case in the first year you receive good seedling. The soil surely has to be very friable. Crops are carried out on a surface (at a depth no more than 1 - 2 mm).
Then cover a surface with a polyethylene film and humidify the soil as necessary, it should not dry up. It is necessary to water with a thin stream (from a watering can with narrow openings or the syringe) not to wash away seeds.
And now what it is important to remember: seeds sprout not earlier than in 35 - 45 days, and can sprout quite unevenly. Some summer residents do not wait for the moment of germination and think that they got bad seeds.
After emergence of 1 - 2 real leaves seedlings dive in pots, and after emergence 6 - go the present sheet it is possible to carry out landing to soil: 20 - 25 cm between bushes, 30 - 35 - between ranks.
At cultivation from seeds the wild strawberry keeps the rating for 90 - 95%. Best of all remontantny grades of wild strawberry which will give sweet berries from spring to the fall subsequently will be suitable for such method: Sashenka of F1, Lizonka of F1, Irishka F1 (large-fruited) and the Snow White, the Rhine waltz, the Baron Solemakher, Ali - the woman (small-fruited).
Surely try to grow up wild strawberry from seeds. It is not difficult and yields very good results in the form of healthy, juicy, organic berries.
More detailed information on features of grades>>
How to resist to a fitoftoroz of tomatoes?
Fitoftoroz of tomatoes is a malicious illness. Grades, completely steady against this illness, do not exist. There are only certain grades which are steadier, but also they get sick, only later. What exit?
First of all, it is possible to stop on ultraearly ripening varieties which manage to otplodonosit till the period of the mass rainfall leading to flashes and distribution of a fitoftoroz. For this purpose will be suitable Amur shtamb, Beta luxury, the Alpha, the Pink leader and similar grades.
If you prefer to put more productive varieties with average and late terms of maturing, then not to do you without processing of plants. The most widespread and acceptable method - use of bordeaux mix during vegetation. The preparation for processing has to incorporate copper. But if to make processing only by a copper vitriol, then plants can be burned strongly. Therefore bordeaux mix which besides a copper vitriol contains lime is applied. On a site in 10 sq.m you will need about 2 liters of the turned-out bordeaux liquid.
When I only began to be engaged in tomatoes (and it was 30 years ago), old men advised in a stalk of each plant to stick a copper delay 3 - 5 cm long. I used this way, and it, certainly, yielded results. And for use on a small site with tomatoes it will approach. But in the years of strong flashes of a fitoftoroz additional processing by bordeaux mix will not prevent.
What exist rules when planning landings on a site?
First of all, the choice of cultures and grades depends on requirements: whether you want to use products from own kitchen garden during the summer and fall, to leave on storage, to preserve, send for sale and so on.
Anyway, the first rule which should be remembered is an observance of a crop rotation . Your site has to be planned not only taking into account this year, but also taking into account a year of the following.
For example if you put potatoes, tomatoes, pepper, eggplants , then the next year these cultures not have to be placed on the same square. For example, potatoes cannot go after tomatoes as both of them belong to solanaceous cultures. They have many general diseases and many general wreckers. Therefore after tomatoes it is better to plant either cucumbers, or some root crops.
After cucumbers you cannot put vegetable marrows, pumpkins, bush pumpkins is plants of one group, pumpkin too. Thus, observing a crop rotation, you will constantly have healthy plants which will better fructify and will be protected from wreckers.
It is better to plant cucumbers with tomatoes on different beds. It is required to cucumbers much bigger agrofon, than to tomatoes. As at cucumbers much more greens, they demand the bigger content of nitrogen. And phosphorus and potassium is more necessary for tomatoes . Phosphorus is required for development of root system, and potassium is more necessary for development of fruits that they were more tasty, bright. Nitrogen is necessary only at an early stage when the plant forms a stalk. At the end of summer it is not necessary to feed up a plant nitrogen any more, otherwise there will be too much greens and few tomatoes.
And some cultures, on the contrary, it is even necessary to put nearby with each other. For example, the onions planted between carrots lines frighten off a carrot fly, and carrots, in turn, - an onions fly; garlic, a garden radish, a basil frighten off a cabbage fly; fennel, a sage, onions protect cabbage cultures from a cabbage caterpillar and so on. The correct joint landings are an excellent, most environmentally friendly way of pest control.
Thus, following rules of a crop rotation and joint landings, and also agrotechnical receptions for separate cultures, you surely receive such useful and healthy harvest what you will not be able to buy in the market or in shop. In the second case vegetables, fruit and berries are most often grown up commercially, and it already means use of bigger amount of fertilizers and ways of processing of production for storage and transportation.
is more detailed about it and other cases in the article “ You need it? Or run on a kitchen garden “.
The questions to Sergey Dubinin and other specialists of " Agricultural firm; SEDEK “ you can set to the address sedek. ogorod@gmail. com, and also at a forum of the personal website of Sergey Dubinin.