Who patronizes Irish?If suddenly offer you “ to drain a shamrock “ - you do not come to bewilderment. This is not about any there suspicious rituals. And just you were called to drink old kind Irish whisky. Before tasting drink, it is necessary to put in a glass a clover leaflet - a shamrock (kislitsa). Because and process received the name “ drainages of a shamrock “ (drowning the shamrock).
One more remarkable feature is connected with a shamrock at Irish: it is considered that if you find a four-leaved leaflet (and they come across very seldom), then you are waited by good luck. If you find such leaflet on March 17, then for such “ Jack - " sweat; good luck doubles. So honoring of a national symbol - a shamrock and the national patron - Saint Patrick united. He is celebrated on March 17 by Irish of the whole world where they this day were.
Along with Saint Georgy, Saint Andrey and Saint David who respectively are patrons of England, Scotland and Wales (and St Andrew besides - the heavenly keeper of Russia and Greece), Patrick - one of the most esteemed Saints on the British Isles. It brought in the 5th century AD Christianity to pagan then Ireland. Though itself generally the Irish was not. Exact date of its birth is still not known; and dispersion quite big - from 373 g to 415 g. Judging by further chronology, it are presented to the most probable 380 - e years. And about the birthplace there is no consensus.
It agrees one of the most widespread versions, Patrick was born on March 17 in the settlement of Bannavem Tabernie in Wales which then was under the rule of Rome, in a family of the Roman citizens Kalfurnius and Konchessa. To the child it was named Meviayn Sukkat (Maewyn Succat). Approximately in 16 - summer age he was kidnapped by pirates and delivered to Ireland where it got to a service to one of local leaders - a pass of sheep and pigs.
Six years later it managed to escape and return to a native home, however, not at once. Because the young man decided to follow divine providence. By its own recognition, in youth he did not know true God (he attributed to this circumstance the stealing), and the misfortune which only happened to it and numerous deprivations which fell to its lot helped it to find deep belief and to fall in love with God. In this aspiration it was strengthened by the Gallic bishop Germanus of Auxerre who became his mentor in St. Martin of Tour`s monastery. In Gallia Meviayn Sukkat also accepted the name Patrician (Patrick) meaning approximately “ father to people “.
For performance of the mission Patrick returned to Ireland. Because, by its own recognition, after return home in a dream the person by the name of Viktorik who came from Ireland with uncountable messages came in dream to it. It gave one of them to Patrick, and that managed to read the first words: “ Voice of Irish... “. At the same time he heard voices which begged him to return and again to pass among them. And it went at the request of the Pope Tselestin I there.
Extremely successful and at the same time mysterious was an establishment of Christianity on the Emerald island. Because it occurred almost without blood. Despite a numerous and influential caste of local priests - druids. The people together with governors passed into new belief with a mass order, and governors rendered to Saint Patrick all assistance. And druids quickly disappeared. And it is so prompt that from time of their dominion did not remain even as - nibud a harmonous frame of reference on a peace arrangement.
It is possible to explain it, probably, with two reasons. In - the first, exclusive gift of belief, a logical reasoning and brightness of the identity of the most Saint Patrick. For example, there was axiomatic his statement: “ The same as three leaves can grow from one stalk, and God can be uniform in three persons “ by means of which he on the example of a shamrock explained concept of the Holy Trinity. In - the second - or perhaps and in - the first - the fact that bloodless change of ideology at that moment was very favorable to kings and the military aristocracy which sought to leave from - under the authorities of druids: on the basis of the sacred right those imposed on kings and soldiers sacral obligations - geysa which limited governors in decisions.
By the way, despite tolerance and, being expressed by modern terminology, St. Patrick`s tolerance to other beliefs, he did not stand on ceremony with the adherents of paganism who were openly rising against it at all. For example, the druid Lokra who somehow began to offend the Saint, and together with him and all Christian belief in the most unseemly expressions, the Lord, having listened to Patrick`s entreaties to punish the blasphemer, lifted in air, and then threw on the earth. And Lokra smashed to itself the head about a stone.
One of miracles which legends attribute to the Saint is connected with exile of snakes from Ireland. There was it on the mountain (since then it is called Crowe Patrick), having ascended to which, Patrick enjoined to gather to snakes from all Irish land at his legs, and then expelled them. Perhaps, we deal with beautiful allegory. The matter is that ancient Celts had a god of fertility of Sernunnos represented in the form of a snake. And Patrick preaching Christianity simply “ forbade “ this god, but did not expel the real snakes. Anyway, there is a real fact - there are no snakes in Ireland. However, sceptics claim that they were not there and never before.
Having made a set of charitable cases, Saint Patrick died - besides allegedly - on March 17 in the city of Downpatrick. Here in the Middle Ages there was also its cult which extended worldwide today. (A shroud for it, speak, Saint Brigitta with own hand weaved). Here in the Middle Ages there was also its cult which today rasprostranlisya worldwide. By the way, St Patrick is esteemed not only Catholic, but also Orthodox church as he was canonized even before division of Church which took place in 1054. And in a number of orthodox churches his memory is revered on March 30 on new style (that is on March 17 on old).
And one more interesting fact: Patrick is a patron not only Ireland, but also Nigeria. This results from the fact that there in due time the Irish missionaries generally worked.
On March 17 in honor of the Saint salutes and fireworks are arranged, colourful parades with brass bands which indispensable attribute - the well-known delay move. People in extravagant attires, including red wigs and green caps take to the streets; each beret with itself it is yellow - is white - red national flag and a pot with a clover. Everywhere fun reigns.
The palm concerning the first such parade is challenged each other by the American cities of New - York and Boston. To the Nye - yorkets claim that the first parade took place at them - in 1762. Then Ireland was under the power of British, and it is quite possible that inhabitants of rebellious North American colonies expressed thus the solidarity with it. Supporters of Boston which long since is considered “ the most Irish “ the city of the United States, assure: for the first time celebration of Day of St. Patrick was organized in 1737 in their city.
For now they argue, all this day for a while become honourable Irish - if, of course, will wish. St. Patrick`s image already more than one and a half thousand years does not leave people indifferent. And let someone perceives festival in his honor, first of all, as an occasion to arrange parade and to have fun properly. Having missed pint - another of beer or a glass - other whisky. On March 17 in general it is necessary to eat at least a liqueur glass. It is possible to arrange the competition of glasses drunk in honor of Saint Patrick and Izumrudnogo islands. Exists even so-called “ Patrick`s cup “ - a unit of measure of amount of the whisky drunk this day. The main thing - not to abuse and reasonably to distribute forces from start to the finish, isn`t it?