To speak English or to learn grammar - what to begin with?come To our course many people. Many come with the view of studying of language, some come with a question - what to do to learn language. But sometimes it is necessary to hear very original and unexpected ideas about studying of English. About one of them it would be desirable to talk to you, dear readers.
When I for the first time happened to hear similar opinion, I did not attach it significance, having decided that I communicated with a little strange person, at which not really habitual (and as I consider, not really logical) a view of training in a foreign language. His opinion was as follows: he does not know language, very much would like to learn it, but wants to go to courses then … when will a little work them - will learn words, grammar …
I could not attach significance to this fact if later from time to time thoughts, quite similar to this opinion, and statements of other people did not begin to arise. For example: “ I want to learn grammar, and then to learn (at you) to speak “ or even on the contrary: “ we will learn to speak at you, and then we want to work grammar “. From the last two statements obviously that grammar - a question which occupies minds of many people.
It is obvious also that many already began to understand that to speak language (any - native or foreign) it is not obligatory to study the fat textbooks written by philologists at all. But from where such awe of grammar and belief that without grammar it is impossible to live? Let`s understand what is language, grammar and communication as everything is connected and what case what it is necessary to lean on.
The dictionary defines the word “ grammar “ as “ the doctrine about a " language structure;. That is the grammar of any language describes regularities of creation of the correct intelligent phrases, short and long statements and stories. Competent we call the person who is able to state the thoughts.
Competent - that is “ knowing the diploma “ grammar. Simply - owning the speech. We laugh at illiterate. In a case when kids are mistaken, we can be touched. If adults are mistaken, then the scale of feelings fluctuates from indulgence to jokes or causticities and a yornichanye.
If the person is able to speak (to write), that is to express the thoughts in language, then it is usually:
- uses words in the correct values;
- truly places accents, punctuation marks;
- does not confuse a word order so that the meaning of what was said is distorted.
If it is easy for you to communicate with the person, most likely both of you know grammar. Practical grammar. At the same time you or it can not know or not remember exact rules, exact definitions of all grammatical terms. Therefore if to you and your interlocutor suggest to pass examination where this knowledge would be checked, you could show not really good results. But whether it prevented you to communicate? No. You could agree about business - the partner about preferential terms of cooperation, do not own you practical grammar? It is unlikely. And if you did not know definition of the term “ participle “ or rules of the use of verbal adverb phrases (in the form of the rule, but not in the form of practical skill)? I do not think that it very much would affect your relationship.
If you look at children, then will see that their ability to communicate in about 7 - summer age very different. But generally it depends at all not on that how many grammatical rules they know, and it is rather from them “ habitats “. At more educated and developed parents more developed children grow up. But more talkative, better knowing language and able to explain, express. Semiletka began to express thought such at all not because that studied textbooks of grammar. They listened more, communicated more, perhaps, near them more difficult speech sounded. Therefore knowledge of language they “ absorbed with mother`s milk “. In the same way more widely-read people know language better than those that studied the theory.
But it does not mean at all that textbooks exist in vain and that they are not necessary. All of us have different characters, different classes of intellect, a different approach to knowledge of the world. It is the simplest to learn the world through practice (as it is done by children, all of us pass this way, being born and maturing). But it is very important to some to understand the general laws, the theory, “ " language science; because it is difficult to catch these regularities independently or for some other reason. Anyway, but the theory for the sake of the theory does not make sense. Finally all the same we come that language - very practical subject and is necessary it to us only to have an opportunity acquaints others with the ideas or to get acquainted with ideas and thoughts of other people.
Whether it is possible to begin to learn language from grammar? The question is almost rhetorical. At schools and higher education institutions quite so also teach foreign. However, as for schools, with grammar teaching language is begun generally if studying of foreign begins at high school. You watch how it is interesting: there is an opinion that the before people begins to study foreign, the simpler to it happens to learn language. And now answer yourself a question: whether train children, for example, in kindergarten or the first classes of school in grammatical terms and rules? No. Whether in it a secret of good language proficiency - that those who begin with practice are more successful? The theory which it is good “ lays down on practice “ can better be apprehended, it is more qualitatively acquired and it can be applied. If it is not perceived and not studied, it can affect possession of the native or foreign speech, and can and is not present - depends only on practice which the person will receive in parallel with training.
Unfortunately, experience of training in foreign languages shows that if we break the natural course of events - that is if we begin training in language with grammar to which the greatest attention and quantity of school hours is paid - study lasts for years, and the success can not come. People who studied English at school, institute, privately, but which at the same time are not capable to communicate to the foreigner on the street are familiar to all of us or to have a talk with personnel of hotel abroad, not to mention participants of the international exhibition or working meeting. Therefore in what way you would not decide to master English, consider the moments described above.
To learn a little more about the theory and practice of assimilation of English, and also to experience one of practical methods of training it is possible, having visited the free fact-finding lesson a course of English of Applied Education in Moscow or other cities of the CIS.
Acquire English and let your communication has no barriers!
employee of a course of English
of Applied Formation of the CIS