Rus Articles Journal

The Russian Katyn defenders of a cross

“All Russia - big Katyn covered mostly with anonymous graves of millions of victims of the mode governing in it throughout the most part of the last century. “ Sergey A. Karaganov

is celebrated on October 30 in Russia the Day of memory of the victims of political repressions

on October 30, 1974 at the initiative of the dissident Kronid Lyubarsky and other prisoners of the Mordovian and Perm camps was for the first time marked out “ Day of the political prisoner “.

last year the president Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev this day certainly condemned policy of the Soviet state, but reminding only Stalin repressions ( “Let`s ponder only: millions of people died as a result of terror and false charges - millions. Were deprived of all rights. Even rights for worthy human burial “ “no development of the country, its any progress, ambitions can be reached at the price of a human grief and losses. Nothing can be put higher than the value of human life. And repressions do not have justifications “ ).

is not excluded that the Russian President will remember also the victims of Leninism, the beginning of the Soviet power, repressions of Christians, similar to those prosecutions, at the Roman Caesar Nerona, i.e. the orthodox victims “ red terror “. This below here described was one of 200 thousand cases of religious murders:

5 - go September, 2010 it was executed 92 - summer anniversary of one of tragic dates in the history of Russia and Russian Orthodox Church - at the initiative of Yakov Sverdlov, the Council of People`s Commissars (CPC) adopts the decree “ About red terror “ on which in the years of Civil war were destroyed thousands of Orthodox priests (are brutally tortured and executed).

This day - 5 - go September, 1918 (23 - go August on old style) - near " church; All Saints “ Vsekhsvyatskom was shot by Bolsheviks the archpriest Ioann Vostorgov - the prior of St. Basil`s Cathedral at Red Square, Yefrem Kuznetsov - the bishop Selenginsky vicar Zabaykalsky. Together with them the former Ministers of Internal Affairs Nikolay Alekseevich Maklakov and Alexey Nikolaevich Hvostov, the chairman of the State Council Ivan Grigoryevich Shcheglovitov were executed, senator Stepan Petrovich Beletsky is the former director of the department of police.

Mass executions of the victims of red terror were made in 1918 - 1920 at a brick fencing of the All-Russian military Brotherly cemetery of heroes of World War I which border closely adjoined the Vsekhsvyatsky parish cemetery at the Temple “ All Saints “. It is one of the biggest places of burial of the victims of red terror in Moscow. Similar executions happened in Big and Small Vsekhsvyatskaya groves, near the Hodynsky field and on the Vagankovo Cemetery.

In the most unique book “ NEW MARTYRS RUSSIAN “ the abroad published in 1949 by Russian Orthodox Church (the author: the protopresbyter Mikhail Polsky), circumstances of martyr death of the archpriest Ioann Vostorgov and the bishop Yefrem are in detail described.

When Moscow was reached by a message about killing of the protomartyr metropolitan Vladimir, the archpriest Ioann Vostorgov delivered on the Local Council passing then a touching speech after which the Most Saint Patriarch Tikhon approached it with gratitude.

The father Ioann then told: “ Our people sined, and the sin demands atonement and repentance, and atonement of sins of the people and for its motivation to repentance always requires the victim, and in the victim the best are always elected, but not the worst. Here where secret of a martyrdom of the aged man of the metropolitan. The pure and honest, tserkovno adjusted, truthful, humble metropolitan Vladimir a martyr feat rose in estimation of believers and death his such, as well as all life, without pose and the phrase at once, cannot completely pass. It will be iskuplyayushchy suffering and an appeal and excitement to repentance … “

The archpriest Ioann Vostorgov hotly urged Orthodox Christians to unite immediately in “ teams pasomy “ for protection of Christ`s Church through parish meetings, the religious unions and to that similar brotherhoods: “ you, pasomy, have to make about pastors that team which is obliged vsetserkovny to fight in unities for belief and " Church; - he so spoke to laymen. And pastors he urged to prepare for an ispovednichesky feat of sacred fight: “ There is an area - area of belief and Church where we, pastors, have to be ready for torments and sufferings, have to burn with desire an ispovednichestvo and a martyrdom... “

on May 20 on old style (on June 2), 1918, the father Ioann was arrested and put into the Moscow Butyrsky prison . There, the instillation shot and excavation of deep ditches for burial of the victims of the following execution was one of the most painful duties of prisoners.

Once escorts declared that tomorrow`s morning - on August 23, 1918 (the note: on new style it is 5 - e September) - it is necessary “ important execution “ priests and ministers.

Arrived placed along a grave facing it. At the request of the father Ioann Vostorgov executioners allowed all convicts to pray and say goodbye with each other. All kneeled and the fervent prayer " poured down; suicide bombers “ then all approached under blessing of the preosvyashchenny bishop Yefrem Kuznetsov and the archpriest Ioann Vostorgov. Then all said goodbye with each other.

The first approached a grave the father Ioann who told before that several words to the rest, inviting all with belief in Bozhiye`s mercy and fast revival of the Homeland, to make the last atoning sacrifice.

- “ I am ready “ - the father Ioann told, addressing an escort. All became on the places specified by it. The executioner approached him from a back closely, took his left hand, turned out it for a waist and, having put the revolver to a nape, shot, having at the same time pushed the father Ioann in a grave. Other executioners started other victims. Beletsky rushed and quickly ran off bushes of steps on 20 - 30 aside, but overtaken by two bullets, fell, and he was brought to a grave, shot once again and dumped.

Executioners, powdering with the earth the victims, stated deep surprise to the father Ioann Vostorgov and Nikolay Alekseevich Maklakov, probably struck them with the composure. Ivan Grigoryevich Shcheglovitov, according to the story-teller, hardly moved, but also did not show in anything any fear.

To the place of killing send then pasomy the father Ioann. The ditch was full blood of the victims. Orphans put flowers and with tears remembered it truly the good shepherd.

At the beginning of 1930 - x years almost all gravestones in the territory of the All-Russian military Brotherly cemetery of heroes of World War I at which fencing thousands of the victims of red terror were shot were destroyed.

In five decades the same fate comprehended the Vsekhsvyatsky parish cemetery at the Temple “ All Saints “ in Vsekhsvyatskom on “ Falcon “. Under the pretext of preparation to summer “ To the Olympic Games - 80 “ almost all graves in the territory of the Vsekhsvyatsky cemetery were destroyed by order of the management of the Moscow Council and the Moscow city town committee of CPSU.

Details about destruction of these two cemeteries are described in “ Chronicles of the Brotherly cemetery “

Historical Memory seemed is forever destroyed by militant atheists and buried in oblivion.

But were orthodox people who could establish the Orthodox Cross in memory of the victims of red terror - the archpriest Ioann Vostorgov and the Bishop Yefrem. It is group of Orthodox veterans of the Great Patriotic War - Lev Aleksandrovich Gitsevich, Vyacheslav Mikhaylovich Kuznetsov, Igor Ivanovich Parunin, etc.

they in December, 1993 helped the leader Narodno - the monarchic movement to Bryukhovetsky Oleg Yakovlevich to receive blessing from the Most Saint Patriarch Alexy II on erection at the Temple “ All Saints “ on “ Falcon “ The Orthodox Cross in memory of the archpriest Ioann Vostorgov and the bishop Yefrem, executed by Bolsheviks in 1918 in day of the announcement of Red terror.

ranks voyenno - the patriotic organizations " took the most active part In creation and installation of this Cross; Voluntary " case; and “ Moscow " case; under the leadership of Vadim of Yuryevich of von Kaulbars and Pyotr Fedorovich Kosmolinsky, the staff of " publishing house; Troitsk Orthodox book “.

Sergey Aleksandrovich Karaganov is influential the Russian political scientist, the member of council at the Russian President on assistance to development of institutes of civil society and human rights wrote recently:

“All Russia - big Katyn covered mostly with anonymous graves of millions of victims of the mode governing in it throughout the most part of the last century. It in many respects exhausted natural to the people and the person feeling of patriotism. The country did not treat the people as to the. And the people saw from it mostly suppression, poverty and death. Also belongs respectively.

without having bowed to the victims of Stalinism, without having admitted guilt of the country before them, we remain successors only of other part of our people - their executioners, security guards, informers, those who quite voluntarily raskulachivat destroyed temples. “ the Number of the victims

the Commission on investigation of Bolshevist crimes created by A. I. Denikin estimated

that in 1918 - 19 terror claimed 1 million 700 thousand lives. Though these data cannot be exact, they only give an idea of scales of atrocities. But it is necessary to consider also that these estimates concern not the most bloody years. The Soviet literature coordinated terror to civil war. Actually it accrued after Bolshevist victories. In 1920 mass executions on " were carried out; released “ territories. And the peak of terror had on “ peace “ 1921 - 1922. In total in the years of civil war from the different reasons our country lost 14 - 15 million. the person and 5 - 6 million more carried away hunger in 1921 - 1921. What part of them is made executed, we do not know. And whether it makes sense to carry out division? Someone was shot, heated. But the policy of the Bolshevist management, terrorist in essence, called ruin, and hunger, epidemics were a consequence.

First of all under repressions got priests, monks, the believing laymen trying to protect orthodox values. Because for “ world zakulisa “ destruction of Orthodoxy was one of main goals of revolution. His adviser House wrote the American president Wilson about it with clear text. And under the " brand; bourgeoises “ under terror the intellectuals densely went. And in it there was a special sense too. It was necessary to make of Russians absolutely other people. And the intellectuals are a bearer of culture.

the terror Purpose - reduction of the Russian gene pool

By the beginning of the 20th century. Russia bypassed the West not only on growth rates of an industrial output and labor productivity. It had also very high rates of an increase in population. It reached 160 million people and quickly increased. Birth rate made 45,5 children on 1000 inhabitants a year. Also we will consider, not at the expense of foreigners yet, and at the expense of Russians. And children - that were healthy, strong, hardy. According to Mendeleyev`s forecasts, the population of our country in the second half of the 20th century had to reach 600 million. Such situation disturbed " much; world zakulisa “. But it is worth emphasizing, red terror provided not only physical, but also moral murder of Russians. Bolsheviks and those who appeared on their party. So, the resolution of VTsIK of September 2, 1918 ordered “ to responsible companions “ to be present personally at executions. To tie blood. In executions tried to recruit more Red Army men, sailors, ordinary Party members, teams of workers and peasants. Tempted with clothes of the victims, alcohol, money. That people stepped “ " blood threshold; broke the first precept, ruined soul. The program of moral murder aimed even at children. In Narkomat`s system of education in 1920 there was a book Kherson and Nevsky “ Collection of tasks of out-of-school work of " library;. There were also such “ tasks “: “ The Girl of twelve years is afraid of blood. Make the list of books which reading would force the girl to refuse instinctive disgust for red terror “

Red terror - genocide of the Russian people

Red terror aimed at physical murder of the best part of the people, and at those who will be spared - on murder of soul. On their regeneration in something absolutely another which does not have nothing in common with Russians any more. By the way, Armenians around the world celebrate mourning date of the genocide in 1915. And Jews determined day of memory of the victims of the Holocaust. Even Estonians, Latvians dare to stammer at genocide though actually, on the contrary, their hands carried out the Russian genocide. In our state and our people of such date it is for some reason not established. It is interesting why? We hesitate? Or we are afraid? Excuses about “ political reasons “ in this case are senseless. This is not about new political razmezhevaniye at all. Red terror was a crime against all people, and “ red “ lives carried away at all not less, than “ white “.