Loan words - as they can help with studying of English?For a start let`s understand that such loan word and what its role in language. As it is possible to learn from the explanatory dictionary, “ to borrow “ - means to take, to adopt, acquire from where - nibud. Respectively, loan words are words which we borrow (we adopt) from other language.
Thanks to loan words language moves forward, it develops. How strongly technologies move forward, so strongly language is replenished with loan words. For example, in various spheres sometimes this or that definition can just not think up the Russian equivalent and therefore it is easier to take the foreign floor and to adapt it for Russian.
What there are English loan words in Russian and how they can influence studying of English?
As it is possible to learn from various sources, Russian began to be filled intensively with the English loan words on a joint of the 20th and 11th centuries. It was connected with disintegration of the Soviet Union, with establishment and development of cultural, scientific, business and commercial relations, and also with development of the international tourism. Many of those words which came to us only several decades ago already strongly sat down at Russian. Every day in our active lexicon there is a huge number of the borrowed English words which only the little (for example, a pronunciation) differ from words - originals: the office, the manager, installation and is a lot of others.
Loan words simplify process of learning of foreign language. How it occurs?
Even if you never learned English, you are surprised to how you already know many words. For example: “ The Teenager watched soccer on TV. From athletes of team it liked the goalkeeper and the forward " most;. In this short text from 15 words the third part - five words - are borrowed! It words of the word “ teenager “ “ soccer “ “ athlete “ “ goalkeeper “ “ forward “.
The word the teenager comes from the English teenager which in turn consists of the following parts: teen - the noun designating the life period between 13 and 19 years, and of age - age. So we designate the person aged from 13 till 19 years.
Soccer comes from the English football . Foot is translated as a foot, and of ball - a ball.
the Athlete comes from the English sportsman if to break this word into 2 parts, then of sport is a sport, and of man is a man.
The goalkeeper comes from the English goalkeeper where of goal - gate in sport, and of keeper - the keeper.
the Forward from the English forward , i.e. forward, ahead.
I gave to you the example consisting only of two offers, but in which we met the whole 5 loan words. And present how many such words you know, it is necessary just to learn what their value in English.
When you begin or continue to learn colloquial English, such - borrowed - words are remembered most quicker. It is easy for you to use them, they always appear in the head at the right time, and at you several minutes on remembering such word do not leave.
Why does that happen? Everything is simple. You already know this word, you already use it and it is not important that you do it, speaking in Russian. Once you change a pronunciation a little, and you can already brag of a quite good vocabulary in English.
“ All this is good and healthy, but how to be with other words? “ - you can object and you will be absolutely right. Of course, there is a lot of borrowed English words in Russian, but not so to seize it on a conversational level. There is still a set of words and expressions which are not associated with our native language in any way.
What to do? Really such things as loan words, songs, books, movies are only small pleasant bonuses thanks to which we can easily remember words and expressions, and the zazubrivaniye was and remains by the main method of studying?
Of course, no!
At the beginning of article I told you that we will talk not only about loan words, but also about how they can influence studying of language.
Their influence is reduced not only to the fact that these words are familiar for us, and we spend much less time for beginning to use them. Thanks to such words we see how it is possible to learn English and to learn to talk in this language, without spending time for a zazubrivaniye of other words.
Once, even such acquaintances and often used words as image, di - Jay, interview, a soundtrack, a hit, show were unfamiliar to the Russian-speaking population too. I very much doubt that all days without a break people learned words on a subject television by heart, for example. No. It occurred by itself. Without any efforts.
Such method can be used also at assimilation of other words. And thus, by itself and without efforts there can be a studying of any foreign language. You can see how it occurs and works, having visited a free introduction (fact-finding) lesson of a course of English of Applied Education.
It is not difficult to learn English and to start talking it simply. How? Come, we will teach!
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