Rus Articles Journal

How many words it is necessary to learn to speak in English fluently?

English in which speak more than 700 million people fluently contain more than half a million words. Really freely to talk in English, it is necessary to know all these words?

At once it is worth making a reservation that the knowledge of words is only part of studying of language, and it is not enough one knowledge of words. Correctly and freely to talk, it is necessary not only to know words, but also to be able to make of them offers. For this purpose it is possible not to jag rules, but it is necessary to have a wide experience of communication and use of those words which are necessary for daily communication.

Therefore the isolated knowledge of words should not be considered as a main goal when studying language though it, certainly, is important. The main goal when studying language is to gather as much as possible practice of direct communication - and, both oral, and written. Such approach in studying of language appears the most fruitful and brings notable result in several months of training.

Why practice when training is necessary? Because to talk in language - it does not mean to apply rules which are written in textbooks on grammar. To talk in a foreign language - it means, to be able to pick up for the image which is arising in mind, the foreign word, rather precisely describing this fancy. And such procedure has nothing in common with writing of the test or a dictation - it is live process which has to take place quickly enough.

There is nothing more painfully, than to listen to the interlocutor who does not know how to pick up a proper word. And nothing causes such unpleasant feeling as someone else`s wrong speech.

Therefore, it is necessary to remember that to knowledge of words not less important ability to use these words in the necessary situation and in the correct order has to increase. Then it is possible to communicate, even knowing the minimum mere verbiage.

Any person passes through several stages in studying of language. At the first stage of people knows very few words (about one thousand) and very few principles of drawing up offers of words. (Such principles - not grammatical rules, and the developed relations between different words which can be described by the phrase so speak ) . Therefore, subjects on which he is capable to communicate are limited.

And, the most important, practicians here is not enough. The people who stopped learning to talk in a foreign language at such stage can be thrown by a couple of words with the interlocutor, but the real, real-life and direct communication is deleted from a range of their opportunities. As a rule, pupils do not test comfort when they stop in training at this stage.

At the following stage of people knows enough (about two - three thousand) words and a set of the main - no, not rules - regularities of combination of words in offers. More nuances are added. The speech becomes faster and conjoint. The pupil can communicate more - less freely on a number of different subjects (of course, here it is told not about the special professional communication demanding knowledge of terms) with bigger or smaller ease. Here in communication the comfort appears.

At this stage, in the presence of continuous practice, it is possible to communicate quite easily in English both with compatriots, and with native speakers. On the one hand, this big achievement - in several months later began to start to speak training (and on a course of colloquial English it is possible to seize two - three thousand words for several months) in English. On the other hand, there is a trap.

The matter is that the speech in English at this stage can be competent and fast, but it all - will differ from the speech of native speakers. Why? Because language constantly moves, changes constantly and modified. Constantly one words come, others become outdated. There are new speech designs.

Therefore the third stage in studying of language comes when the person not only communicates with ease in a foreign language, but also can easily use modern words and turns.

Of course, such perfect language proficiency is reached not by all - continuous communication with carriers and in the country of native speakers is necessary, but - good news - knowledge of several thousand words is quite enough also for a business dinner, and for appointment. And to seize them and to learn them correctly to use it is possible on a course of colloquial English for only several months.

You want to be convinced? Register in a free introduction lesson of a course of colloquial English of Applied Education, and learn to speak ideally in English!

Aleksandra Zharikova,

teacher of a course of English

of Applied Education