Slavs of Baltic. The lost lands and the cities. Baltic East ofShort history of the Russian Baltic. Who in Baltic radical.
of rodina. lv / Kratkaja - istorija - Russkoj - Pribaltiki
Since the most ancient times the primordial population of Baltic, along with Balts and Finns, were Slavs. Already at the time of the grand duke Oleg Veshchego (IX in) Hugo - east part of Baltic lands was a part of Kievan Rus` (a left bank of Dvina). The right bank of Dvina was under the power of the principality Polotsk. There were Russian cities - locks: To Kokna (Koknes), Yar Rusko (Ersika). According to Heinrich Latviysky`s chronicle these capital cities of specific principalities - were the oldest in Livonia. They operated the possession, collected a tribute from local population, governed among them court, helped Polotsk to defend the western boundaries>>>
of Earth that lay to the east from the Varangian (Baltic) sea ispokon belonged to a family of Krivichi. Up to the 15th century. esta and Leta rendered tribute to Pskov and Novgorod. The city of Talovo (Talava) - the center of the principality of the same name was basic base of residents of Pskov. Still Latvians call us by KRIEVI, i.e. Krivichi. This name enough clearly speaks about the one who owned these lands.
Other Old Russian sort which left the mark in the Baltic region it is a sort ventichy, or residents of Vyatka (they are veneda). Moving from Europe on the East of a venticha enshrined the trace in place names: Venetts (Venice), Vendobona (Vienna), Vineta, and further on the North: Venta, Vindava (Ventspils), Venden (Cesis), Vendor, Koloven etc. That is why Estonians and Finns call us this name and today (Venaya). In general all Baltic toponymics is literally covered with the Russian names. To take the same Estonia: Tallinn (Revel) is an ancient city of ventichy Koloven,
to Odenpa is a Bear Mountain,
of Tartu (Derpt) - Yuryev,
Vizenberg - Rakovor,
of Parnu - Perunov,
Tyrva - Tyrnov,
Narva - Rugodiv, Vyandr`s
Valga - Volgla etc. Therefore disputes on how it is correct to write the name of the Estonian capital are senseless: with one letter “ N “ with two or with three. As write, everything will be wrong. The primordial name of Tallinn sounds in Russian: Koloven.
On the Baltic island Rigen (Rugen) was the spiritual center of Slavs where there lived the tribe known as Varangians - Russia. In their capital, Arkona, there was a temple of all-Slavic god Svyatovit which was the place of pilgrimage of Slavs from different lands. The Slavs who founded Riga called the settlement in honor of the island Rigen.
Till the 17th century the Baltic Sea was called Varangian (or to Russian), and the Gulf of Riga - Venedsky.
After death of the leader of Ilmen Slavs Gostomysla (is nice), the distemper began, and for its termination to the slovena call to Novgorod the leader of Varangians - Russia Rurik with the team. He also became the first Russian prince, and the integrated people received the name Russia. Thus, Baltic Slavs laid the foundation of the modern Russian nation, and Baltic is the ethnic homeland of Russians.
As for the South and the West of Baltic, and there Slavs since ancient times lived. Two Old Russian sorts owned in Europe extensive territories, including basins of the Neman, Vistula, Odra, Laba Rivers. These are lyuticha bodrich. For example, lyuticha possessed Porusye`s principality in a river basin Neman (from the ancient name of Neman - the river Russia). Fortress was the capital of this principality Are small Krolevets.
At the end of the 12th century the powerful impact of Germans on the East reaches the territory of Latvia. Here what about it is reported by the Pskov chronicle of the metropolitan Evgeny: “ Year 1186. About this time Meyngard, the German monk who arrived to the mouth of Dvina with the Bremen merchants graciously asked the permission at the Pskov prince Vladimir owning then these countries to convert to Christianity liflyandets and slightly “. However further events developed already without “ mercy permission of the Pskov prince “. Clamped between the West and the East (Mongol - Tatars), the weakened by internal conflicts, our power lost Baltic. Germans and Swedes got territories of modern Latvia and Estonia.
The Lithuanian prince Mindovg became the combiner of specific principalities of Severo - to the Western Russia. In 1267 the prince Shvarno, Daniil Galitsky`s son came to the power in Lithuania. From now on Severo`s princes - the Western Russia began to pass willingly “ under a hand “ the prince Lithuanian together to defend from the Tatar attacks. To the uniform state this union developed at Gedimin (1316 - 1341) who began to carry a title of the Grand duke Russko - Lithuanian. The legal basis for the new power bylat it is “ Truth Yaroslavichey “ - collection of customs of Kievan Rus`. Customs, traditions, management - everything was created on the Russian sample. Russian was a state language, naturally.
In the same years east Russian principalities unite around Moscow where Ivan Kalita reigned. In 1377. Yagayla became the grand duke of the Lithuanian Russia. Having married the Polish princess Yadvige, he adopted Catholicism. After that most of specific princes and Yagayla`s brothers did not recognize him as the sovereign. The Russian princes began to pass under a hand of the Moscow prince Dmitry. The Moscow Russia so gets stronger that in 1380 Dmitry`s army gives battle to the Horde.
Lithuania and Poland on the basis of the Krevsky union unite to the new state - the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. After that both Germans, and Swedes, and Poles, and the rusich which were again beating off it became owners of the Baltic region. Liflyandiya and Estlyandiya`s final entry into structure of the Russian Empire happened during Northern war (1700 - 1721) that is recorded by the Nishtadsky peace treaty. This contract is signed “ for ever “ also it is recognized as the leading powers of that time. Kurland and Lithuania were a part of Russia as a result of partitions of Poland v1772, 1793 and 1795.
Return of the territory of modern Latvia under the Russian control brought to ancestors of Latvians a possibility of all-round development, the right of participation in structures of management. At Swedes and Germans they had even no right to live in Riga. By means of Russians the Latvian writing was created. In St. Petersburg those who will become the first representatives of the Latvian intellectuals who will create the Latvian literature studied. Only thanks to Russians Latvians were created as the people.
Now we live in the region for which by our ancestors it is spilled the rivers of the Russian blood. Since ancient times in Baltic there live Slavs. Hundreds of years tower orthodox churches here. Today Russians make the majority in all largest cities of Latvia. Russians made an invaluable contribution to development, industrialization of Latvia, construction of the cities, resorts, cultural life of edge. In the light of the above the unique and logical option of preservation of stability and the world in Latvia is recognition of carefully hushed up historic fact consisting that Russians, as well as Latvians, are radical here.