No - to drugs!- the International day of fight against abuse of drugs
For the last 8 years of the power of Colombia destroyed on June 26 90 percent of crops cooks in the country, over 8 thousand drug labs, confiscated more than 20 thousand gallons of liquid chemicals and more than 30 thousand tons of the solid chemicals used for production of drugs. As a result of special operations 388 thousand freights with cocaine were intercepted. It managed to be reached thanks to the program of the Colombian government for fight against narokotika, one of components of which is payment to farmers of compensation for voluntary destruction of crops cooks on their lands.
These data were presented at the forum “ The Afghan narcoproduction - a call to the world community “ which in June took place in Moscow.
In Afghanistan 90% of all world heroin received from opium are made, the UN reports. At the same time Russia wins first place on heroin consumption - 21% of all heroin made in the world fall to the share of the Russian addicts. Afghanistan is in the lead and on production of hashish, annually delivering from 1,5 to 3,5 thousand tons of this drug received from hemp on the international black market. The volume of consumption by the Russian addicts of the Afghan heroin fluctuates from 75 to 80 tons per year, and annually from drugs dies of 30 thousand to 40 thousand Russians.
Fight against the Afghan drug traffic is one of the main directions in activity of the international community because producers of opiates and hashish coordinate the activity with terrorists more and more closely, - was so declared last week at a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly on the issue of counteraction to transnational crime. In the list of strategic priorities of the world community, according to the Convention of the UN against corruption, the terrorism, drug trafficking, human trafficking, corruption, cybercrime are on the first place.
A forum in Moscow and a meeting of the UN made decisions and defined measures for fight against a global problem and general trouble. Interestingly only, and participants of high forums believe in productivity of the planned actions? To fondly think that the Colombian producers, having received compensation for the destroyed crops cooks, suddenly began to see clearly and for ever stopped production, economic for them. Or we consider that the global financial structures receiving excess profits from drug trafficking suddenly will voluntarily refuse an income source?
Unfortunately, all developed actions are directed to fight against consequences and do not define the main reason of the evil. The millennia people are familiar with drugs.
The first known mention of cultivation of opium poppy belongs to 3400. Plates which described process of collecting opium juice in the mornings and production of opium from it are found in Mesopotamia. Assyrians, Babylonians and Egyptians were engaged in cultivation of opium poppy. During this period opium was used generally as medicine.
In the Greek medicine it began to be applied approximately since 5 - go centuries BC. In the Chinese medicine - with 8 - go centuries AD. The first mention of trade in opium in Europeans is found in letters of the Portuguese seamen (1513) . From the ports in the west of India Portuguese began to export “ malviysky " opium; to China. A bit later Spaniards thought up to mix opium with tobacco and to smoke (before fir-tree opium), and such direction of use of opium in Asia became the most widespread.
Trade in opium grows and reaches peak in the middle of the 19th century when subcutaneous injections of morphine for decrease in pain were invented that laid the foundation to appearance of drug addicts in Europe and America. In 1874 heroin was invented, and in 1898 - its mass production by the German firm Bayer Company of Elberfeld as pain medicines began m that caused the next increase in drug addicts in Europe.
In fifty years there is a replacement of trade in opium to the illegal sphere. Drugs began to be distributed worldwide: its bulk sellings in Eastern Europe, the southern China, India, Pakistan, Indochina began, its consumption sharply increased in Western Europe and North America.
the First International commission on opium was created in 1909 in Shanghai, the first internationally - the legal document relating to fight against psychoactive agents - the Hague convention on opium 1912 - go became years result of its work. There passed hundred years, and the situation only worsened. And already the phrase that it is possible to resist to drugs only together set the teeth on edge. Demand defines the offer: what more drugs will be revealed and destroyed by, that their production will more actively increase.
We with hope listen to news that the next large consignment of drugs is detained and that one more drug baron or the drug dealer fell into justice hands, we watch reportings on how effectively treat for drug addiction. And at some moment can seem that a problem really under control of the state, the authorities. If not one question: why the number of addicts not only does not decrease, but also constantly grows?
Despite everything: anti-promotion, fear of AIDS and other diseases, high cost of drugs, constant risk to appear in prison and, at last, an aversion of society for addicts, - demand for a potion constantly increases. And all actions and efforts of the international representative organizations in fight against drugs remind fairy tale characters to whom it is entrusted “ to go there, I do not know where, to bring that, I do not know that “.
Why the modern person aspires to a condition of narcotic catalepsy more and more? Here matter not only in the economic or social reasons, is still something, a certain deep essence which we are not able to catch yet. And until we find the true reasons of this problem, all our actions against drug trafficking in the world will be similar to actions of the child trying to extinguish the burning house a glass of water.
27. 06. 2010 Aleftina Posternak