Rus Articles Journal


Rough passions concerning a prilichnost the Newspeak Internet probably sank into the past. Time newly made words seriously are considered by decent Oxford professors. 2009 filled up world language with the mass of officially legitimate words.

Academicians hand over positions

Still the relation of venerable academicians to a web - " biomass; was at best indulgent, in the worst - aggressively denying. But realities forced linguistic hypocrites to reconsider the views and rather considerably. So the Oxford dictionary of English called the word of year the Internet - the term unfriend - it is recognized as absolutely legitimate. But nevertheless the authority of paper dictionaries fell into oblivion as slow. Live language processes make language abgreyd inevitably and promptly. Requirements of language from all of the growing number of its progressive carriers are that today. However, some groups of linguists studied a slang the Internet long ago - inhabitants as the most interesting processes, but no more. Now the Internet becomes the dynamic and ubiquitous field of communication and activity of the person therefore it it is most prolific inhabits language. Other question that these language children are not especially viable, updating of technologies and types of activities kills superfluous and gives rise to new. So today such words as " left active rotation together with services; chat .

Barricades from dictionaries

Really the Internet - is fated to nullify an era paper encyclopedias? It is not clear yet, but reforms are obviously necessary. And here the protest was lifted by the person who united the recognized academic authority and a modern stuffing, - in 2007 the famous lexicographer and the active blogger Erin Makkin declared paper the enemy of a living language. The main slogan is simple if the myth that if there is no word in the dictionary, it does not exist, became hopelessly outdated. And it started energy so fashionable now and mechanics of collaboration as alternative. It is wordnik. com - the kollaboratsionny dictionary, it can fill up everyone, and it already contains 4,5 million unique words. Similar projects are kept on wordia. com and wordspy. com.

Catching of new words is obviously felt by both experts and residents of the Internet as a trend. In a rating of new forms the Internet on 1 place. And at the modern person the feeling of in language at all in large quantities changed. Words create everything - actively and in large quantities, active creators and active users approached more than ever.

Verbal leaders

B 2009 was won by the word and its derivatives with the root tweet Twitter became the Internet - sensation of year. It is already a reality. To poor linguists now to be on a wave, except tracking usual earlier society it is necessary to trace also the Internet - trends. In Russia linguists yet not in a subject. So the Regional public center the Internet - technologies (ROTsIT) following the results of the competition Word of year in the nomination Internet called that chatnuty nichnost virtoman and, sorry, guglik . But elementary poll of editors, columnists and surfers of F5 (very active Internet users) showed that these words are not familiar to them, and chatnuty recorded Wikipedia in 2005 already safely rested.

But here, except an ignorance of linguists - academicians with technical tools and static methods of research the Internet - the phenomena, comes to light one more problem. How to distinguish, single not mass pranks of word formation, illiteracy from lexical trends. Graham Daymond, the senior editor of the Oxford dictionary of English shares it in the blog. In order that the word had a scientific weight, it has to possess the settled value, a pronunciation, a form and clear etymology. Well and, of course, impressive quoting. Therefore competitions are inappropriate here. Processes of language in a network same, as well as in usual language, the word has to live and be used by masses.

Where to take language?

Sergey Krylov, the doctor of philology, professor of RGGU (Institute of linguistics) believes that dictionaries, even dictionaries of neologisms, always lagged behind the speed of development of language.

In Russia, unfortunately, even these are updated more slowly, time in 4 - 5 years because practice of dictionary business at us in the country is less developed, than in Great Britain, Japan or France. Sergey Krylov: There this sphere has strong tradition and investments. In Russia it demands initiatives from above, from the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Ministry of Education . And still experts recognize that the electronic lexicography is more perspective, by a prototype it consider Wicky - dictionaries, the affiliated " editions; Wikipedias where language changes can be fixed practically non - stop. However, not all academicians are ready so democratically. Irina Alexandrova, the associate professor of MSU (department of stylistics of modern Russian) treats sceptics: To Rasfrendit or, suppose, to ban - slangy words, and they in Russian always remain outside the literary language and are not introduced in the general dictionary. And despite democratization, language reflects the person of the nation, her mentality. British appreciate new, original, original and dare to include such word formations which have slangy character in the dictionary. We have all - other consciousness, we got used to suffer, reconcile. I do not like abbreviations like IMHO, LOL etc. at all - it is violence over the speech. But such word formations, as, zaspamil - these are expressional expressions, in them there is a relation to the phenomenon. Well and how in a different way to tell or write - tortured spam ? I consider that the slang absolutely cannot be excluded from the dictionary, but it needs to be applied is very dosed .