Whether paid education has prospects?XI the GU International scientific conference - the HSE published the following data: each student costs higher education institution 105 thousand rubles a year, earlier this sum equaled 80 thousand. And now the status of establishment defines the budgetary financing, that is the quantity of money at higher education institution is proportional to its status. Minobraznauki determined by the Russian Federation non-financial assets with the main direction of expenses for budgetary funds of establishments of this level. Priorities were replaced because of crisis.
The sounded statistics put end and allowed to draw conclusions that payment for off-budget places is not sufficient article of the income at the expense of which the HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION would live and developed comfortably. According to Tatyana Abankina, the director of Institute of a development of education of GU - HSE, only in 16 establishments of the country of capital level the budget leans on this revenue.
There is a steady opinion that paid education from which waited for injection of money in science in development of higher education institutions, in transformation of system of the higher school did not equal hopes. Economists see one reason in low birth rate which affected absence of students now, and the second in USE.
Now not the concrete higher education institution is important for entrants, and that which has empty budgetary seats. The laboratory of the institutional analysis of economic reforms of GU - HSE revealed the list of prestigious specialties, making a start from salaries of graduates: economists, lawyers and specialists of technical branches. But, it is impossible to consider correct these conclusions in any way because the high income of these experts defined not higher education institution and even not called specialties, but branches and the enterprises on which graduates were lucky to get a job.
Researchers on it did not calm down and still found the required facts demonstrating that the salary of the graduate of federal higher education institution or national research university, or a magistracy of technical college for the whole 15% is higher than salaries of the former students of the other higher schools. Whether will be mistake to put these researches in the basis of a solution of the problem of financing of higher education institutions? How it is possible to draw conclusions that higher education institutions well taught? Maybe just good entrants got to higher education institution prestigious already? In that case, whether the decision to allocate budgetary funds to federal and national research universities will be justified? According to reform of financing of the higher school the state has to encourage and support the best higher education institutions which gave the best indicators of quality of education of their graduates. Speech oh, so-called, “ education at the exit “ but how to check this quality? System approach is necessary. The provided data of researches speak “ about anything “.
The government suggests to invest money in higher education institutions which of walls ready experts for labor market are issued. But also here many questions appear. How to track communication of our education with labor market.
In other countries this communication is visible and notable as, for example, in Germany, Denmark, Austria, etc. There the companies interested in the necessary experts finance and take part in the organization of professional preparation, without them not to approve standards of preparation and any training program. Certification and accreditation also does not do without their direct participation. The so-called, German model, according to scientific the employee of the center of labor researches GU - Nina Vishnevskaya`s HSE, has the following pluses:
1) high preparation of trained;
2) education is adequate to requirements of economy;
3) unemployment has rather low indicators;
4) labor market regularly receives also skilled workers of the average level.
In the countries adhering to liberal economy the high school sees the task vakademichesky education. After school the graduate, wishing to get secondary professional education, thereby it appears at an intermediate step in the higher school. Here the enterprises stand away from education problems, do not penetrate also into vocational training. But these countries surprise with
1) the high level of the general education;
2) competition between higher education institutions. She acts as incentive of updating of the program of training;
3) there is no opposition between the academic and professional education. High level of the academic education promotes retraining. But youth unemployment, especially among that grows that has no profession.
The Russian model made attempt to adopt the German experience: the enterprise sponsors education of the student - future employee, but employers do not go on it. And from liberal model of economy, according to Natalya Savitskaya, there is even nothing to take. All it is based on high quality of secondary education which in our country does not want to lift this quality, and does not give in to any reforms.
Researches of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) about which Magong managing sector of researches of the identity of Institute sociologists told Vladimir opened the relation of our youth to work and a salary. For our people the main thing - to have work and a stable salary, about pleasure from work, per se, there are also no speeches, the main thing money and if the big prize drops out, the most part of Russians right there will give up the work, without thinking of its prestigiousness and pleasure from it. What model of the existing education and the market are looked for by us for Russia in this situation?