Rus Articles Journal

Drill: what its history? Up to now of

the Most innovative ways which practice dental clinics today originate from ancient times at civilization sources.

According to historians, 8000 years ago teeth treated by means of drilling. At archeological excavations in the territory of Pakistan the scientists working there dug out a skull of the ancient person, in one of the remained teeth of which there was perfectly equal opening. The subsequent analyses unambiguously allowed to judge that such work can be made only a drill.

This opening in a root changed earlier understanding of scientists. Until recently it was recognized that the ancient Roman surgeon Arkhigen, the doctor of the Roman emperor Traian was the first doctor who treated caries. It the first in human history in the medical purposes pierced suffering tooth from something like a drill. Mat ó da Archiguena did not find understanding and was shortly forgotten.

And in Ancient Egypt caries treated by means of pastes and pritirochny materials, about it, in particular, testify found modern Indianami Jones mummies of Pharaohs and the remained papyruses with recommendations about production of powders from caries. In at one time with Egyptians ancient Arabs and Romans including too worked on finding disposal of kariyesny diseases.

According to historians, Avicenna believed the best disposal of caries fumigating of the sufferer a smoke of onions, a henbane and fat of a goat. And Pliny Sr. advised at night, full-lunar, try to catch a toad, spit out her in a mouth and tell words of a spell . On an equal basis with a way of Pliniya, also the national medicine from caries was widely used: Tie a garlic segment near a palm on the hand opposite to tooth from a sick half, and for full action place on the whole tooth of oshelushenny garlic on ears . Or for the sake of the termination of sufferings from a toothache boil an earthworm in young wine and rub the made medicine as mixture for ears .

Naturally, such methods of dentistry not always brought to though to small improvement, and at this moment ancient doctors used nippers. The first description which reached us about removal of teeth was falls on the 6th century BC

the Very first time this difficult process is written in detail down in the Old Indian treatise To the Ayurveda . Then for removal of teeth of a prastomatologa used tooth nippers with kusatelny part in the form of an animal muzzle, most often cats.

In Ancient China approached wrest of teeth with a bigger invention. On a painful tooth beforehand filled up arsenic or fat of a local green frog therefore tooth slowly died away and it was loosened. And after tooth tore at application of zuboshchipts.

In Ancient Japan teeth tore one hand. Previously it was swayed, knocking on tooth a special hammer.

It is necessary to tell that the Greek and Roman doctors did not refuse nippers, pulling out teeth. The most famous Aristotle, by the way, insistently propagandized for this task nippers from bronze.

Without agreeing with the accepted methods, the Roman scientist Cornelius Zels living in the 1st century of our era dissuaded to hurry with a vyryvaniye of painful teeth. It forced sufferers to rinse teeth special infusions and odymlyal their aromas. If to the patient did not legchat, then and Zels extracted painful teeth, but in more progressive way, than associates. He filled carious dredging by threads or filled in with lead, cut a gum, loosened tooth, and only then took nippers in hand.

After centuries dentists continued to tear teeth, and their nippers - zuboder took more and more perfect forms. Only in the 15th century Archiguena at last remembered far experience and successfully Giovanni Arkolani, the scientist from Italy repeated. It prizheg a carious cavity also filled it with gold. Experiment designated the real break in stomatology, from this point painful teeth treated.

Gradually drills were transformed to the main thing for the dentist. The first of them turned hands, and in several centuries they were succeeded by drills. Its first prototype was designed in the 18th century by the French doctor Pierre Fochar. At the end of the 18th century as a drill drills with the foot drive began to extend.

In 1871 the South American stomatologist Dmeyms Morrison invented and secured the patent for already operating drill. And in 1876 the first release of its mass production took place.

Now stomatologists concentrated at a frequency of turns which are done by a drill. By the way, their number rose from 2 thousand in the first samples to 300000 turns in modern. Removal of teeth ceased to predominate and is used only in an uncontested case.

Modern dental clinics set new tasks for themselves - at the head of a corner protection not only health of patients, but also beauty of teeth.