Readiness for school training ofShould be noted that the beginning of school training of the child puts before parents, teachers and psychologists a number of practical questions.
First of all concerns all parents and teachers of nachalkny classes a question of as far as the rebeknok is ready to training at school. The available empirikchesky data concerning a psychological gotovknost of children 6 - 7 - summer age to training at school, show that the majority - from 50% to 80% of children - in this or that relation not polnosktyyu are still ready to training at school and to full assimilation of the shkolkny programs existing in initial classes.
Many, being ready to training in the physical age, on psychological a razkvitiya (psychological age) are at the level of the child - the preschool child, that is in borders 5 - 6 - summer age. Therefore it is expedient to estimate before the beginning an obuchekniya psychological age of the child.
in the course of training of the child in initial classes when it has a rapid development of mental informative processes, is desirable to kontroklirovat features of formation at the child of the kogknitivny sphere. For the solution of these tasks teachers can use quite successfully psychological methods especially as level mental the child`s razviktiya already allows to use very znakchitelny quantity of test techniques.
the Psychological tests used for an assessment of development of children of younger school age in perkvy turn are directed to an assessment of attention, a myshkleniye, memory and the speech of the child.
Among the tests directed to an attention assessment most often use Landolt`s rings.
Depending on a research problem can determine level by this technique a razviktiya of such properties of attention of the child as a produktivknost and stability of attention, distribution and a pereklyuchayemost of attention. The level of development of thinking of children of younger school age is usually estimated by test of Wexler who allows to receive a certain general characteristic verbal and neverbalnokgo intelligence of the child. However for an assessment of development of thinking of m to be used also other techniques, for example the Ravenna test, the " test; Ability to do mental arithmetic “ etc.
Exists a number of tests for an assessment of development of the speech of the child.
belong To number of the elementary such tests tests by definition of a lexicon.
For example, is offered to pupils for a short time (3 minutes) to call maximum quantities` words - nouns which contain certain letters.
Wexler`s Test - a technique of an assessment of level of intellectual development according to biological age surveyed.
of the Ring of Landolt - the psychological test used for research of osobenknost of development of the main properties of attention.
the Ravenna Test - a psychological test, ispolkzuyemy for an assessment of level of intellectual development.
Thus, exists very big kolikchestvo of the psychological techniques allowing to otseknivat development of mental informative proktsess of children of school age. Therefore the school psychologist is a full participant of a proktsess of training of children. And he is able to estimate not only a level of development of the cognitive sphere a rekbenka, but also to influence directly nature of this development.
The main feature of development of a cognitive sfekra of children of younger school age is pekrekhod mental informative processes on higher level. It first of all is expressed in more any nature of course of the majority of mental processes (perception) attention, memory, representations), and also in formation at the child abstractly - logical forms of thinking and training of its written language.