What was to a Big Bang?of the Mountain, valleys, the rivers and all live - when that existed in one, superheated point. This point had just unimaginable density. And at once, this point began to extend that led to explosion owing to which there were billions the tone of matter and energy making the modern Universe. And this explosion happened, to universal measures, quite recently - 20 billion years ago.
In comparison with a Big Bang, a sound from explosion of the strongest atomic bomb, no more than rustle from a mosquito on other side of the earth. Since the moment of a Big Bang, in space history there is even more impressive turn. Constantly happening expansion of matter transformed the Universe to the most dense mass of plasma which it is modern, turned into the Universe surrounding us.
Further, matter gradually cooled down, having created, so-called quarks, protons and electrons. After hundreds of thousands of years, kernels and electrons created atoms, later, stars, quasars, galaxies and everything that exists in the Universe now.
Despite of a huge number of information obtained for years of researches, the phases of maturing of the Universe which followed a Big Bang still are completely not studied. Still there is no uniform evidential physical model explaining the first seconds of life of the Universe.
It is even more difficult to comprehend the reasons of this explosion. Than more we learn the reason of each incident, gradually realizing that everything follows from the previous reasons, especially mysterious is a reason of emergence of the Universe.
A Big Bang, huge compression and the cycle which does not have the end.
One of theories the explaining initial sources, is the theory of the Vibrating Universe. Scientists revealed that the content of matter in the Universe is enough to stop its further expansion at the expense of force of gravitation and at some point to begin the return process - compression.
According to this theory continuous compression of the Universe could form a uniform initial point - so-called “ big compression “. Since this time (in the theory), the Universe could follow according to the same scenario, since big compression and finishing with a Big Bang.
Proceeding their this theory, there is a question whether this cycle can (development - decline - destruction), the infinite number of times repeats and whether there was it in the past?
Without regard to the fact that the theory of the vibrating Universe did not find support in wide scientific community, nevertheless the last researches show that this theory has the right for existence. Scientists from the Foam university, having applied kvantovo - gravitational calculations, could construct theoretical model, universal history of the period preceding a Big Bang.
According to these calculations, during the period to a Big Bang, space - time was similar with existing in present time, excluding that it passed a compression stage. Assume that the gravitation forces narrowing the Universe reached a stage at which the space quantum - time began to push away, but not to attract that led to the Big Bang which generated us.
Changes of a constant “ alpha “ (unusual opening of scientists) can treat matter of the previous Universes. This abstract measuring instrument - “ alpha “ it is taken as the parameter of universal laws at which atoms connect - does not correspond to what we could observe in so old Universe as ours. According to the present size “ alpha “ - the Universe has to be older on 14 billion years, and matter had to be scattered more than now.
Very well explains such anomaly as a constant “ alpha “ - cyclic theory. Physicists Paul Shteynkhard and Neill Turok assume that such size “ alphas “ such is as to a Big Bang.
Making a start from a hypothesis of strings and the theory of membranes (M - theories), Shteynkhard and Turok assume that the Big Bang is not an isolated case, it is the last in a long cycle of processes which happen constantly when the Universe is expanded to side-altars.
Even if there would be strong evidences of recurrence of the Universe, all the same there is a riddle a beginning of this recurrence.
Perhaps, recurrence of the Universe has no end, but whether it is possible to assume that it has no beginning? Perhaps, this source is that uniting bridge between religion and science. Whether is a basis of emergence of time and space, a certain divine essence or we will be able once to explain everything, even what caused a Big Bang, is absolute by science?
The present science is a science of calculations which help to present the main components of a Big Bang. But whether it is valid these, more and more becoming complicated calculations brought closer us to understanding that really happened billions years ago?
There is a theory that the mankind will never be able to learn final truth. But despite such assumption, most of scientists nevertheless believe that the understanding of the Universe, cannot just be beyond a scientific explanation.
Vyacheslav Klipenko author and " site administrator; New era “: at. ua
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