The child asks many questions. What to do to the adult?the Senior preschool child are a little visionary, the tireless researcher, the philosopher who is constantly learning unknown. We, adult, surrounding ours “ visionaries “ creation of hypotheses and search of their proof have to support process, to stimulate interests of our children.
of the Child of the advanced preschool age at which the cognitive interest is developed characterize desire to ask questions and ability to find answers to them. Such child is inclined to experimenting, to vigorous search activity. It can is long to concentrate on the problem interesting him: to study ant hill life; to experiment - what objects float and what sink; to think out new designs. At assimilation of new knowledge he asks the adult many questions, tries to find independently connection with personal experience, states original guesses, assumptions are shown, otherwise, by the creative attitude towards object and process of knowledge.
Thus, an indicator of interest of the child serve his questions and judgments. Thanks to questions the child comprehends the world around himself.
The reasons of emergence of children`s questions
the Period of questions at the preschool child serves as expression of changes in relationship between thinking and the speech, between its practical and intellectual activities. In the course of joint activity with the adult the preschool child has a number of tasks which he tries to solve as independently, and by means of adults. The speech actively joins in process of the solution of these tasks, preceding action. The senior preschool child approaches a solution already in the internal plan, putting forward the ready verbal decision without appeal to practical actions. On this basis there are children`s questions.
At preschool age considerably extend knowledge borders. The child even more often meets new objects of world around, unknown, unclear for it. It is possible to call the following reasons of emergence of questions at children:
In - the first, the preschool child tries to find “ new “ the place among earlier acquired knowledge to pick up the corresponding definition.
In - the second, questions appear when there is a contradiction between last experience of the child and what he sees and learns.
B - the third, the preschool child raises questions and when it wants to be convinced of correctness of the conclusion (it is category of questions - hypotheses).
Thus, by means of questions children seek to learn what is not known to them yet and it is not absolutely clear. Questions have informative character and demonstrate inquisitiveness development, aspiration to learn world around.
The role of the adult in emergence of children`s questions
One of the main conditions of development of ability to ask questions is the adult`s position. He teaches the child to see and formulate a problem - to raise a question and to reflect results of knowledge. From here the adult`s relation to spontaneous children`s questions is significant. The adult has to give to the child an opportunity of independent search of answers that further will teach him to think, argue, make attempts to resolve the arisen question. Having taken such position, the adult opens a way to formation of independence and criticality of children`s thought.
At the same time it has to induce constantly children “ to ask “. The role of the adult in this process is reduced creating the special objects or situations stimulating intellectual activity of the child and ability to ask questions.
it is necessary to answer all questions of children precisely and well. Moreover, it is necessary to praise for a good question, for desire to learn. But it is even better if the adult is, with understanding treating ignorance of the child, to induce it to find independently answers to questions in dictionaries, reference books, books, encyclopedias.
Adult needs to be remembered one essential moment: they have to teach the preschool child not only ask questions, but also formulate questions so that they provoked to the answer and cogitative activity. That children were not afraid to ask
questions, it is necessary to convince them that it is necessary to know something. It is a shame not to learn if it is possible to make it. It is necessary to convince children that to ask questions - it is useful: “ You will know more when you find answers “. It is necessary to encourage the children asking questions: “ The Good fellow, you asked a good question, so you watch the thought course, think “. And to praise the child not only for good answers, but also for good questions: “ Who asks nothing, that will learn nothing. You want to be clever - learn to ask the questions “.
the Adult should not laugh at the child who asked a weak question. It is necessary to remember that he has the right for a mistake. Therefore it is better to teach children to ask the specifying questions which will help them to understand the arisen problem.
Answers of children to questions Can allocate to
several reasons of why preschool children do not answer questions or answer badly:
do not know the answer and are afraid to show it.
Know, but are afraid to be mistaken; do not know what to begin the answer with; long think, and the adult of it does not want neither to understand, nor to accept.
to the Child is absolutely uninteresting a question.
the Main approach in training of children in ability to answer questions consists in creation of a friendly, relaxed situation which gives to the child absolute confidence that will not laugh at it.