What is ume?Oh also love various ceremonies in Japan. Even admire spring blossoming of fruit trees, so to speak, according to the schedule and thought up the special word for this process.
THAT SUCH UME?
So is called the plum blossoming in Japan before an Oriental cherry - when snow still lies. Its blossoming - the same national sign of spring, as for us - a spring thaw. Ume, as well as the Oriental cherry, does not fructify. For us and “ " cherry; and “ " plum; - first of all a fruit, for Japanese - a flower. They even have no expression: “ to smell flowers “ and is “ khans “ - “ to admire blossoming “.
the CHEERFUL CEREMONY of KAMBAY
Was in old times and the Japanese city of Mito very democratic governor. It even had a special figurine, with the peasant which he always fed before most to eat. It became famous also what was opened first also by the only garden in Japan for the simple people - Kayrakuen. Three thousand trees ume were planted also to a garden. The entrance to a garden free of charge, irrespective of estate was allowed all inhabitants of Mito. Three times a year, during the full moon, it was allowed to visit a garden and at night. Drunk it was forbidden to enter a garden, but to bring with itself and to drink in a garden under trees - no.
Since those times in Japan there was a ceremony kambay (literally “ the plum blossoming in cold “) - to admire blossoming of plum in a good company of friends and sake. Smart Japanese even removed a rare version ume which blossoms not once in a year - and two, also in the fall.
About - the FIELD
That is “ garden “. Quite so - it is tender - Japanese call house pass - gardens in which there is always a place for a bonsai and an occasion for kambay. About - the field can appear also at you! Here what for this purpose is necessary … for
the Shank. Cut after blossoming from one-year escapes, cut off at them tops, process a stimulator of a korneobrazovaniye and land to the sheet earth with sand addition. Land in pots in the spring, make cutting of escapes and in the first 2 - 3 years annually replace in the spring.
Location. Solar. The air movement is necessary.
Temperature. Plums love heat and are afraid of cold. They are covered as soon as temperature falls to +5 … +7 °C.
Ware. Averages on depth ceramic containers.
Cleaning. Zavyadshy flowers delete. Offsprings regularly cut off.
Change. Annually in the spring after blossoming. At a tree cut off about a third of root weight and if necessary land in the container of the bigger size.
Soil. 40% of the sheet earth, 40 No. of compost and 20% of river sand. The good drainage is necessary.
Cutting. Prishchipyvayut some of buds (if there is a lot of them), unnecessary points of growth and separate escapes that they sil but were not extended. After blossoming escapes shorten. It will provide the subsequent plentiful blossoming.
Use of a wire. it is imposed at the end of spring and deleted in the fall, protecting bark from damage by raffia fiber since branches fragile. Having watered
. the Earth lump is well moistened. After that to the soil allow to absorb all moisture and only then again water. Watering dolzhenbyt more frequent during a butonization and in the summer. During blossoming watering is reduced.
Spraying. it is regular in the Summer, but not under direct sunshine and during blossoming.
Top dressing. Since the end of blossoming prior to the beginning of July, then since the beginning of September until the end of November once a month slowly decaying organic fertilizer. In autumn top dressing is added by phosphoric fertilizers.