What do we know about pancakes?Maslenitsa outside, and, of course, not to do without pancakes. Trust, do not trust, celebrate do not celebrate, and practically each hostess bakes pancakes this week. It is already so much centuries in a row!
What was a pancake for Russians? Well, except food …
Pancakes - a dish which ceremonial use is known at east Slavs, mainly at Russians. In other Slavic cultures the similar role in ceremonies is carried out by different types of bread, porridge (kolivo) or grain. The main symbolics of pancakes is connected with idea of death and the other world: pancakes are devoted to the dead, symbolically feed with them souls of ancestors, pass pancakes on “ next world “ in a coffin with the dead man, etc.
Intermediaries between the real and other world the persons which are " act; from the outside “: beggars, wanderers, kolyadnik to whom distribute pancakes. Pancakes intend also to Christ, St. To Vlasy, the promised, the first comer, the shepherd, cattle, Maslenitsa effigy, Moroz, etc.
Pancakes, pancakes and fritters were concerned in Russia all year, but nevertheless they became the main entertainment and a symbol of a holiday of Maslenitsa, probably because round toasted pancake is similar to the hot summer sun which waited for the whole long winter. Pancakes for Maslenitsa bake every day since Monday, but especially there is a lot of - Thursday through Sunday.
Each hostess had the special recipe of preparation of pancakes. This recipe passed from father to son, from mother to the daughter, then to the granddaughter further. To bake pancakes is the whole art and action. As today women prepare for baking of Easter, and treated pancakes earlier. The spiritual party and skill mattered. Remember to what it is pleasant to watch how the woman bakes pancakes, throws up and overturns them on a frying pan. And as there is a wish to take furtively one hot pancake, to throw from a hand in a hand not to burn, blow on it and is …
were Baked by pancakes from wheat, buckwheat, oat, cornmeal, sometimes with addition millet or cream of wheat, potatoes, pumpkin, apples, cream. In villages the support was put still on Sunday night that since morning, by a breakfast, on a table the pile of fragrant pancakes " already rose; with a heat, about a heat “. There was an interesting custom: the first pancake always was for the peace of, it was devoted to St. Vlasy or the dead. The pancake baked by the first on buttered week was spread “ to parents “ on a skylight, a bozhnitsa, a roof or a grave, gave to beggars in memory of ancestors or ate for the peace of deceased. If it was put on an acoustical window “ for souls parental “ surely sentenced: “ Honest our parents, here for your nice fellow a blinok! “ In the cities the first pancake was given to the beggar that he remembered all deceased. In a ceremony of a funeral of Maslenitsa pancake is given in hands to an effigy which will be burned.
Ate pancakes all day long, alternating to other dishes. During this period rich barmy pancakes which were on sale from trays at every turn enjoyed special popularity, were served in taverns and snackbars together with a smetanka, mushrooms, an ikorka, herring, a sprat, whipped cream, jam, honey. Washed down them with tea, sbitny, hot milk. At the well-known St. Petersburg and Moscow restaurants prompt menus, sexual together with a card, put on tables the printed congratulations on Maslenitsa often written in verses and decorated with bright drawings.