Modernization as new national ideology?on November 12, 2009 the president of Russia Dmitry Medvedev made the annual message to the Federation Council in which he raised the most sensitive issues of development of the country. What to expect to us from authorities in power? How the chosen strategy will influence development of our region? Whether it is possible to speak about a new era in development of Russia?
There was no happiness yes, the misfortune helped ? In translation from Ancient Greek the word crisis as we know, means decision, outcome . It is possible to believe with confidence that Russia, her political life, economy, the social sphere will recover updated from world crisis, which, in fact, " too; bared - beginning all system problems of the Russian reality from raw economy and finishing with some shortcomings of work of the political sphere. It is worth mentioning a little long ago facts of common knowledge, just zrimo characterizing that background, which and bared world crisis: 80% of the market of drugs - import, 60 - 70% of the food - also from - for a boundary, domination oil and gas production in structure of export of the Russian economy and as means of replenishment of the budget, catastrophic decline in population (first of all Russian) - 700 - 800 thousand people a year, huge scales of corruption, 1% of a world innovative product etc. All this
, undoubtedly, could not but not be reflected in the new message of the President Dmitry Medvedev to Federal Assembly any more. It is obvious that that political model which was created in recent years was calculated on long-term stability. Crisis brought with itself a problem survivals the most political system, and together with it and Russia. In these conditions the President, in fact, offered society long-awaited new model of the national doctrine which key term is the word modernization . In United Russia this term was corrected on conservative modernization . It - as conservative treatment, without operations, only a medicamentous way and which will surely bring the patient to recovery - B. Gryzlov.
However, modernization in itself, for the sake of itself is an absurdity. For data it should be noted that modernization by and large indirectly there was also at the Soviet communistic ideology, a truth in the form of revolutionary change of reality for the sake of achievement of society of equal and free creative persons around the world. The purpose of current modernization declared national welfare, or as the President specified, - she has to aspire to the pragmatic purposes . Pertinent would be to notice that the modernization subject on the basis of pure pragmatics always hardly got accustomed in Russia (we will remember not always understanding population relation to Peter I`s transformations or to cancellation of a serfdom). Much more easily the projects sending to " got accustomed; to bright future (for example, Moscow - the Third Rome or communistic ideology in Stalin option). However, time high ideas apparently, passes (well it or is bad for national idea in Russia - we will see later) and come to the agenda real, visible projects. The President also concentrated attention on them. It allocated to
five priority directions of technological modernization of the Russian economy. This introduction of modern medical, power and information technologies, and also development of space and telecommunication systems, radical increase of energy efficiency. Domestic have to succeed import drugs on the Russian market. Their share in five years has to make not less than a quarter of a pharmaceutical market, and by 2020 - to exceed 50%, the President declared. For energy efficiency increase - modernization of expensive municipal infrastructure will be carried out, municipal networks will be updated, and energy saving bulbs are widespread. For development of space technologies and telecommunications the network of the broadband Internet will be expanded, high-speed optical highways will be laid, the part of time zones is cancelled, possibilities of GLONASS are expanded and new spacecrafts are put to Earth orbit. Modernization of information technologies seems in bigger application of supercomputer modeling of further informatization socially - the economic and political relations.
according to the special correspondent of the " magazine; Expert Irika Immamutdinova the speech, probably, will go about innovative compulsion . The Effective innovative system in Russia everything does not develop in any way. A large number of budget money is allocated, numerous institutes are created, large-scale PR - campaign - all as in the decent developed countries is carried out. But the structure of economy remains former, demand for innovations in real sector is practically absent, and breakthrough technological businesses are forced to look for supports abroad. On it, frankly speaking, a gloomy background the Russian power decided to include in the innovative sphere manual management: the new structure - the Commission on modernization and technological development of economy of Russia under the leadership of the President is created. Tasks at the commission serious: development of a state policy in the field of modernization and technological development of economy, coordination of activity of authorities, enterprise and expert community, definition of the priority " directions; [cm. Expert No. 43 (680) 2009 9 of November].
follow five priority directions not less important aspects of modernization of a public sector (liquidation of state corporations and their transformation to joint-stock companies, optimization of the budgetary expenses), sciences (the invitation of foreign scientists, creation of the Center of researches and developments), educations (monitoring of activity of schools, their independence, orientation of school to the identity of the pupil), expansion of the non-profit charitable organizations.
a Certain end of the stated doctrine is aspect of modernization of political system. the President offered
the following scenario:
1. Introduction of uniform criterion of establishment of number of deputies of regulatory authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation;
2. All parties presented in regional parliaments will have an opportunity to form fractions;
3. Parties for which on regional elections more than 5% of voters voted will obtain guarantees of representation in legislature of the territorial subject of the federation;
4. Petition procedure cancellation as one of important requirements when forming parties;
5. The addressing of attention of legislature projects of the non-parliamentary parties and parties which are not presented in legislature;
6. Introduction of the law on guarantees of equal lighting to mass media of the parties presented in legislative parliaments;
7. Introduction of standards of the reporting of heads of executive power before local parliament.
The president also spoke about the ballot paper processing systems (BPPS) which scan bulletins before their hit in a ballot box and automatically read out voices. The offer has quite actual price. If to aim to provide at least with one ballot paper processing system each Russian polling precinct, expenses will make 6,4 billion rubles (in the country of 95612 sites, the ballot paper processing system costs 67 thousand rubles). Some sites are already equipped by them, and last local elections showed what on them claims to results was really less. However, only one introduction of ballot paper processing systems not to solve a problem of violation of the law on elections.
By the way, concerning our city in the message is also several lines which, in our opinion, will define in many respects destiny of Lipetsk the next years. They are turned to all monotowns. Let`s provide this quote: In the next months we need to take operational measures not to allow sharp falling of a standard of living in monotowns. It is a task and authorities of all levels, and the management of the enterprises. Within half a year the Government has to approve the program of assistance to development of monotowns, and also accept comprehensive plans for those inhabited points which are in the most difficult situation. In such cities and settlements it is necessary to create conditions for use of abilities of people in the most different spheres and, of course, incentives for private investments. If there are no economic prospects for this purpose or they for any reasons are very small, it is necessary to help people to move to the place, more favorable for life and work, especially as we have enough regions which need additional labor . whether
Can speak about formation of new national ideology, even at least in the squeezed volume, the President of Russia formulated in the Message - probably, hardly. As shows international experience, besides personal welfare and prosperity of people connects defined spiritual bond if you want, idea (we will tell at Jews or Chinese - idea of a selectness of their people, Europeans have their European traditions and culture). It defines mentality, and that already defines criteria of wealth, security and happiness, and, of course, national welfare and consumption level (this is not about the minimum vital needs). To people it is necessary not only to eat and drink well, but also to trust in something to usual life irreducible (by the way, absence the highest ideals in mentality of the population of the USA, most of sociologists also explain with their frontage to especially pragmatic aspect of life the fact of a progression of suicides among Americans over the last 50 years against the general increase of a standard of living). About everything about it in the Message not so much, except for some reflections was told about importance of culture in the broadest sense of this word . It is also difficult to estimate the statement of the President that The Prestige of the Fatherland and national welfare cannot be defined indefinitely by achievements of the past . Possibly it and so, but people - that you will not remake and to break just traditions (good and not really) in Russia and was always the main problem (Ivan the Terrible, Boris Godunov, Peter the Great, Alexander II, M. S. Gorbachev - by the way, three them left political arena not absolutely voluntarily). In this sense the next message of the President can be considered only as certain strategy, though very visible and detailed, but without claim on national - the ideological status. And it is already good, but it is only part necessary general " project; the further movement of the Russian civilization (definition of its place between the East and the West, finding is valid the national way), which for the last 20 years of democratic transformations in Russia did not develop.
In the next months we need to take operational measures not to allow sharp falling of a standard of living in monotowns. It is a task and authorities of all levels, and the management of the enterprises. Within half a year the Government has to approve the program of assistance to development of monotowns, and also accept comprehensive plans for those inhabited points which are in the most difficult situation. In such cities and settlements it is necessary to create conditions for use of abilities of people in the most different spheres and, of course, incentives for private investments. If there are no economic prospects for this purpose or they for any reasons are very small, it is necessary to help people to move to the place, more favorable for life and work, especially as we have enough regions which need additional labor .