Rus Articles Journal

Byron, George Noel Gordon (Byron, George) (1788 - 1824)

the English poet - the romantic. Was born on January 22, 1788 in London. Belonged to an aristocratic, but impoverished family. In 10 years, after death of the grandfather, inherited the lord`s title. Studied at the Cambridge university. Since March, 1809 took the place in Chamber of lords of the English parliament. In January, 1816 unsuccessful marriage of Byron with Annabella Milbenk broke up. At the same time scandal concerning more than related feelings of the poet to his stepsister Augustus Li burst. 1816 - it was forced to leave England and lodged in Switzerland on the bank of Lake Geneva where got acquainted with P. Shelley. Since 1817 - in Italy: 1817 - 1820 veins in Venice; 1820 - 1821 - in Ravenna where became the member of the organization karbonariyev that was promoted by passionate love for the countess Theresa Gvichyoli deprived of an opportunity to link life with Byron. Lived in Pisa, Genoa. In 1823 arrived to Greece where took part in liberating fight of the Greek people against the Turkish yoke. On the means equipped the ship, employed 500 soldiers and itself ordered group. Died, having got sick with fever, on April 19, 1824 in Missolungi, Greece.

Among works - poems, tragedies, lyrics: Leisure-time (1807; collection), English bards and Scottish observers (1809; satiricheska poem), Ode to authors of the bill (1812; against the law on execution for destruction of cars), Pilgrimage Chayld - Harold (1812 - 1818; the poem was printed by separate releases), Gyaur (1813), Abydos bride (1813), Corsair (1814), Lara (1814), Jewish melodies (1815; cycle of poems), Siege of Corinth (1816), Parizina (1816), Shilyonsky prisoner (1816), Prometheus (1816), Manfred (1817; drama mystery), Tasso`s Complaint (1817), Mazepa (1818), Beppo (1818), The Ode to Venice (1818), Don Juan (it is begun in 1818), Dante`s Prophecy (1819), Marino Falyero, doge of Venice (1821), Sardanapal (1821), Two Foskari (1821), Cain (1821; drama mystery), Irish avatar (1821; an unabridged edition - 1831), Verner (1822), Island (1823), Vision vessels (1822), Bronze age (1823; political satire), The Song for luddites (1830).